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The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development »

Source: The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development

Volume/Issue: 1998/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin McGuire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451979381

Keywords: Security, Economic Conflict, Wealth Distribution, Governance, Institutions of Development, military, taxation, army, military dictatorship, tax collection

A country’s judiciary, police, and security forces are essential to protect the State from external aggression. By virtue of the State’s monopoly of coercion, they maintain a stable legal framework an...

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1 »

Source: Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

BRICs’ Philosophies for Development Financing and their Implications for LICs

BRICs’ Philosophies for Development Financing and their Implications for LICs »

Source: BRICs' Philosophies for Development Financing and their Implications for LICs

Volume/Issue: 2012/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502268

Keywords: BRICs, Russia, Institutions, LICs, development financing, debt sustainability, debt relief, public investment, commodity prices, History Of Thought: - Individuals

Flows of development financing from the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) to low income countries (LICs) have surged in recent years. Unlike aid from traditional donors, BRICs (excluding Russia) view their f...

Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality1

Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality1 »

Source: Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2015/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513531083

Keywords: Inequality, Capital Account Openness, Crises, Institutions, capital account, liberalization, capital account liberalization, standard deviations, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, All Countries

This paper examines the distributional impact of capital account liberalization. Using panel data for 149 countries from 1970 to 2010, we find that, on average, capital account liberalization reforms increase inequ...

Institutions Rule

Institutions Rule »

Source: Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity »

Source: Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap »

Source: Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Volume/Issue: 2013/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Romain Duval , Damien Puy , Yiqun Wu , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484330647

Keywords: growth, slowdown, middle income trap, Bayesian Model Averaging, per capita income, export diversification, gdp per capita, trade openness, growth rates, Bayesian Analysis

The “middle-income trap” is the phenomenon of hitherto rapidly growing economies stagnating at middle-income levels and failing to graduate into the ranks of high-income countries. In this study we ex...

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development »

Volume/Issue: 1998/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin McGuire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451979381.001

ISBN: 9781451979381

Keywords: Security, Economic Conflict, Wealth Distribution, Governance, Institutions of Development, military, taxation, army, military dictatorship, tax collection

A country’s judiciary, police, and security forces are essential to protect the State from external aggression. By virtue of the State’s monopoly of coercion, they maintain a stable legal framework an...

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590616.001

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

BRICs' Philosophies for Development Financing and their Implications for LICs

BRICs' Philosophies for Development Financing and their Implications for LICs »

Volume/Issue: 2012/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502268.001

ISBN: 9781475502268

Keywords: BRICs, Russia, Institutions, LICs, development financing, debt sustainability, debt relief, public investment, commodity prices, History Of Thought: - Individuals

Flows of development financing from the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) to low income countries (LICs) have surged in recent years. Unlike aid from traditional donors, BRICs (excluding Russia) view their f...