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Reforming China's Public Finances

Reforming China's Public Finances »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755117.071

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

The reform of fiscal relations between different levels of geovernment is crucial to the success of China's current structural transformation to a socialist market economy. The reform will profoundly affect macroec...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066182.058

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

This primer explains why macroeconomists need to be concerned with issues of health policy and elaborates the essential information that a macroeconomist should know in providing inputs to discussions on health sec...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Asia and Pacific
			: Consolidating the Recovery and  Building Sustainable Growth

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Asia and Pacific : Consolidating the Recovery and Building Sustainable Growth »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069503.086

ISBN: 9781589069503

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, domestic demand, monetary policy, expenditure

One year after the deepest recession in recent history, Asia is leading the global recovery. The Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific discusses the near-term outlook for the region, as well as the medium-ter...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451834987

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, external debt, expenditures, capital expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 »

Source: Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2020, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2020, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536811.086

ISBN: 9781513536811

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, Financial crisis, Oil crisis, Crisis management strategies

Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia region have been hit by two large and reinforcing shocks, resulting in significantly weaker growth projections in 2020. In addition to the devastating toll on human hea...

Toward More Effective Redistribution

Toward More Effective Redistribution »

Source: Toward More Effective Redistribution : Reform Options for Intergovernmental Transfers in China

Volume/Issue: 2004/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451852172

Keywords: Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations, expenditure, expenditure needs, expenditures, total expenditure, tax effort

Full implementation of an intergovernmental transfer system based on revenue capacities and expenditure needs could significantly improve both redistribution and equity objectives of the Chinese authorities. This w...

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China »

Source: Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

Volume/Issue: 2010/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Ding Ding , David Coady , Giovanni Callegari , Pietro Tommasino , Jaejoon Woo , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982138

Keywords: China, household savings, social expenditure, generational accounting, expenditures, household consumption, expenditure, social expenditures, consumption impact

This paper shows that increasing government social expenditures can make a substantive contribution to increasing household consumption in China. The paper first undertakes an empirical study of the relationship be...