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Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752147.084

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

This paper examines the problems in establishing currency convertibility- and the optimal timing- in formerly planned economies making the transition to market-oriented systems....

Establishing Incentive Structures and Planning Agencies That Support Market-Oriented Transformations

Establishing Incentive Structures and Planning Agencies That Support Market-Oriented Transformations »

Source: Establishing Incentive Structures and Planning Agencies That Support Market-Oriented Transformations

Volume/Issue: 1991/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Isard , and Michael Dooley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1991

ISBN: 9781451853643

Keywords: capital inflows, foreign exchange, capital outflows, capital market, clearinghouse

This note addresses various types of incentives that must be established before a market economy can function effectively. It also argues that the enormous challenge of restructuring large industrial enterprises or...

Russian Federation

Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : Technical Note on Stress Testing of the Banking Sector

Volume/Issue: 2011/334

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463925901

Keywords: capital adequacy, banking, capital ratio, banking sector, foreign exchange

This technical note focuses on the stress testing exercise in 2010 for the financial sector assessment program based on the existing approaches of the Central Bank of Russia, as well as a separate bottom-up exercis...

Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle1

Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle1 »

Source: Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle

Volume/Issue: 1998/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Wacziarg , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451841732

Keywords: Financial integration, emerging markets, correlation, capital mobility, foreign capital, capital inflows, capital markets

The previous literature points to a high correlation between domestic rates of investment and savings among OECD countries. Some take this as evidence of limited financial integration in the industrialized world. T...

A Real Model of Transitional Growth and Competitiveness in China1

A Real Model of Transitional Growth and Competitiveness in China1 »

Source: A Real Model of Transitional Growth and Competitiveness in China

Volume/Issue: 2008/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leslie Lipschitz , Genevieve Verdier , and Celine Rochon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869606

Keywords: saving, surplus labor, foreign capital, domestic capital, fdi, international capital markets, capital mobility,

We present a stylized real model of the Chinese economy with the objective of explaining two features: (1) domestic production is highly competitive in the sense that an accumulation of capital that raises the marg...

Domestic Bank Regulation and Financial Crises

Domestic Bank Regulation and Financial Crises »

Source: Domestic Bank Regulation and Financial Crises : Theory and Empirical Evidence From East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2001/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Kletzer , and Robert Dekle

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451848427

Keywords: financial fragility, banking, foreign capital, foreign capital inflows, deposit insurance, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A model of the domestic financial intermediation of foreign capital inflows based on agency costs is developed for studying financial crises in emerging markets. In equilibrium, the banking system becomes progressi...

From Autarky to Integration

From Autarky to Integration »

Source: From Autarky to Integration : Imitation, Foreign Borrowing, and Growth

Volume/Issue: 1998/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451928907

Keywords: Growth, Imitation, Innovation, Knowledge Gap, Foreign Borrowing, capital markets, human capital, capital controls, capital mobility, international capital markets

The effects on growth of the integration of an autarkic country into the world economy are analyzed, focusing on the differing roles of imitation and innovation in human capital accumulation. The country initially...

Can the Neoclassical Model Explain the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment Across Developing Countries?

Can the Neoclassical Model Explain the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment Across Developing Countries? »

Source: Can the Neoclassical Model Explain the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment Across Developing Countries?

Volume/Issue: 1998/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Harm Zebregs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451929607

Keywords: Foreign Investment, Neoclassical Theory, fdi, marginal products, marginal product, foreign capital, direct investment

Since the beginning of the 1990s, foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing countries has increased dramatically. The distribution of FDI flows across these countries, however, is highly uneven; only a small nu...

The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows

The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows »

Source: The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows : Patterns and Possible Explanations

Volume/Issue: 2005/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860986

Keywords: fdi, capital inflows, foreign exchange, direct investment, foreign capital, International Factor Movements and International Business, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

In this paper, we adopt a cross-country perspective to examine the evolution of capital flows into China, both in terms of volumes and composition. China's inflows have generally been dominated by foreign direct in...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...