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Insurance Value of International Reserves

Insurance Value of International Reserves »

Source: Insurance Value of International Reserves : An Option Pricing Approach

Volume/Issue: 2004/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451858785

Keywords: option, underlying asset, international reserves, reserve holding, external debt, currency crises, reserve holdings, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A quantitative framework is developed to bring forward the insurance motive of holding international reserves. The insurance value of reserves is quantified as the market price of an equivalent option that provides...

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility »

Source: Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2002/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848298

Keywords: International reserves, Reserves, capital mobility, reserve holdings, equation, skewness, central bank, statistics

Why do countries hold so much international reserves? Global reserve holdings (excluding gold) were equivalent to 17 weeks of imports at the end of 1999. That is almost double what they were at the end of 1960 and...

Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances

Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances »

Source: Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances : a View on The Eve of the Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2010/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , Natalia Tamirisa , and Francesco Strobbe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209576

Keywords: International financial integration, claims, fdi, portfolio investment, foreign exchange reserves,

We present a novel and comprehensive dataset of bilateral gross and net external positions in various financial instruments for the main advanced and emerging economies and regions, designed to improve our understa...

International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region

International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region »

Source: International Reserve Trends in the South Caucasus and Central Asia Region

Volume/Issue: 2008/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Holger Floerkemeier , and Mariusz Sumlinski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869033

Keywords: Balance of Payments Crises, reserve holdings, capital markets, international capital markets, risk aversion, international capital,

In recent years, the South Caucasus and Central Asia countries (CCA-6) have received significant foreign exchange inflows. While a healthy reserve buffer is desirable to selfinsure against external crises, holding...

Separate Identification of the Chinese Renminbi in the COFER Survey

Separate Identification of the Chinese Renminbi in the COFER Survey »

Source: Separate Identification of the Chinese Renminbi in the COFER Survey

Volume/Issue: 2016/012

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498345996

Keywords: Foreign exchange reserves, Reserve currencies, Freely usable currencies, International investment position, Monetary authorities, Balance of payments assistance, RMB, monetary authority, currency, executive board

Following the recent Executive Board decisions on the determination of the renminbi (RMB) as a freely usable currency, effective October 1, 2016, and its inclusion in the SDR basket on the same date, STA intends to...

Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism

Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism »

Source: Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism : Long-Run View of Large International Reserves Hoarding

Volume/Issue: 2006/280

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , and Joshua Aizenman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865400

Keywords: competitive real depreciations, self insurance, precautionary hoarding, hoarding, international reserves, financial sector, financial fragility, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

The sizable hoarding of international reserves by several East Asian countries has been frequently attributed to a modern version of monetary mercantilism-hoarding international reserves in order to improve competi...

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology »

Source: The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

Volume/Issue: 2013/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , Luis Catão , Luca Ricci , Rudolfs Bems , Mitali Das , Julian Di Giovanni , Filiz Unsal , Marola Castillo , Jungjin Lee , Jair Rodriguez , and Mauricio Vargas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484346686

Keywords: net foreign assets, current accounts, private credit, reserve currency, current account balances, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) methodology has been developed by the IMF's Research Department as a successor to the CGER methodology for assessing current accounts and exchange rates in a multilaterally con...

Review of Access to Financing in the Credit Tranches and Under the Extended Fund Facility, and Overall Access Limits Under the General Resources Account

Review of Access to Financing in the Credit Tranches and Under the Extended Fund Facility, and Overall Access Limits Under the General Resources Account »

Source: Review of Access to Financing in the Credit Tranches and Under the Extended Fund Facility, and Overall Access Limits Under the General Resources Account

Volume/Issue: 2008/015

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2008

ISBN: 9781498334204

Keywords: Access limits, Credit tranches, Extended Fund Facility, General Resources Account, Balance of payments, External debt, International reserves, International trade, Economic indicators, PP

The Board completed its last review of access policy in February 2008 (2008 Access Policy Review). At that time, while some Directors saw the need for an increase in the limits on normal access to Fund resources, m...

Financial Crisis, US Unconventional Monetary Policy and International Spillovers1

Financial Crisis, US Unconventional Monetary Policy and International Spillovers1 »

Source: Financial Crisis, US Unconventional Monetary Policy and International Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2015/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Qianying Chen , Andrew Filardo , Dong He , and Feng Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475520668

Keywords: emerging economies, global VAR, international monetary policy spillovers, quantitative easing, unconventional monetary policy, federal reserve, securities, reserve, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets

We study the impact of the US quantitative easing (QE) on both the emerging and advanced economies, estimating a global vector error-correction model (GVECM) and conducting counterfactual analyses. We focus on the...

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China: 1980-2002

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China: 1980-2002 »

Source: The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China : 1980-2002

Volume/Issue: 2003/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhongxia Jin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451848922

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, real exchange rate, real interest rate, exchange reserves, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models, Money and Interest Rates, Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook

Based on China's experience between 1980 and 2002, a cointegrated vector autoregression model was established to explore the relationships among real interest rates, real exchange rates and balance of payments in C...