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Dollars, Debt, and Deficits
			: Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064539.072

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

This book examines the challenges facing the international monetary and financial system, as well as the future role of the Bretton Woods institutions in addressing those challenges. The volume is based on the proc...

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High? »

Source: Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Volume/Issue: 2008/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Milan Zavadjil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870503

Keywords: external liabilities, short-term debt, reserve accumulation

Empirical analysis does not suggest that reserves are "too high" in the majority of Asian countries, though China may be a special case. Much of the reserve increase in Asia can be explained by an optimal insurance...

East Asia in the Aftermath

East Asia in the Aftermath »

Source: East Asia in the Aftermath : Was there a Crunch?

Volume/Issue: 1999/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , and Swart Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451845679

Keywords: Financial crisis, Credit crunch, East Asia Currency Crises, capital adequacy, banking, banking system, banking system liabilities

This paper uses a disequilibrium framework to investigate a possible credit crunch in the East Asian crisis countries (Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand) during 1997-98. It defines a credit crunch as a situation in wh...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow in Foreign Currency?

Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow in Foreign Currency? »

Source: Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow in Foreign Currency?

Volume/Issue: 2003/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451858891

Keywords: Liability Dollarization, Monetary Credibility, currency debt, foreign currency, domestic currency, currency composition, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper explores the hypothesis that the dollarization of liabilities in emerging market economies is the result of a lack of monetary credibility. I present a model in which firms choose the currency compositio...

Procyclicality and the Search for Early Warning Indicators1

Procyclicality and the Search for Early Warning Indicators1 »

Source: Procyclicality and the Search for Early Warning Indicators

Volume/Issue: 2013/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hyun Shin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484320839

Keywords: Non-core liabilities, credit cycles, discount rates, monetary fund, international capital markets, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper compares three types of early warning indicators of financial instability - those based on financial market prices, those based on normalized measures of total credit and those based on liabilities of fi...

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators »

Source: Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators

Volume/Issue: 2016/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Crowley , Plapa Koukpamou , Elena Loukoianova , and André Mialou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498337014

Keywords: Financial Soundness Indicators, Concentration and Distribution Measures, institutions, data, pilot project, confidentiality, information, General, All Countries, Fiscal Crisis,

This paper reports the main findings of a pilot project launched in July 2014 by the IMF’s Statistics Department to test augmenting the IMF’s financial soundness indicators (FSIs) with concentration and distributio...

Opening Speeches

Opening Speeches »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Opening Remarks by Rodrigo de Rato y Figaredo, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund: The IMF at 60—Evolving Challenges, Evolving Role Introduction: We...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

In their opening remarks given to the Conference, Rodrigo Rato, Pedro Solbes and Jaime Caruana reviewed the history and future challenges of the IMF sixty years after its creation. They emphasize the role of...

Session 1: Global Imbalances - A Map to the Revived Bretton Woods End Game: Direct Investment, Rising Real Wages, and the Absorption of Excess Labor in the Periphery

Session 1: Global Imbalances - A Map to the Revived Bretton Woods End Game: Direct Investment, Rising Real Wages, and the Absorption of Excess Labor in the Periphery »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

The consensus opinion on China’s and Asia’s currency policy is that it is destabilizing and must ultimately come to a bad end. 1 The “undervaluation” of currencies in order to gen...