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Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066670.058

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

What is the impact on trade in sub-Saharan Africa of the recent rapid growth in China and other Asian countries, and the associated commodity price boom? This paper looks at how trading patterns (both destinations...

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Source: Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...

Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy*

Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy* »

Source: Rules, Discretion, and Macro-Prudential Policy

Volume/Issue: 2013/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Itai Agur , and Sunil Sharma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

ISBN: 9781475546699

Keywords: Macro-prudential policy, regulation, rules, decision makers, regulations, Government Policy and Regulation, Government Policy and Regulation,

The paper examines the implementation of macro-prudential policy. Given the coordination, flow of information, analysis, and communication required, macro-prudential frameworks will have weaknesses that make it har...

Review of the Method of Valuation of the SDR - Amendment to Rule O-1

Review of the Method of Valuation of the SDR - Amendment to Rule O-1 »

Source: Review of the Method of Valuation of the SDR - Amendment to Rule O-1

Volume/Issue: 2016/057

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2016

ISBN: 9781498345224

Keywords: Amendments to Rules and Regulations, Basket of currencies, China, Currency selection, Executive Board decisions, Foreign exchange transactions, Representative exchange rates, Rule T-1(c), SDR interest rate basket, SDR valuation basket

This paper seeks Executive Board approval of an amendment to Rule O-1, which specifies the currency amounts in the SDR valuation basket....

Chapter 1. Overview

Chapter 1. Overview »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Sub-Saharan Africa’s share in global trade (exports plus imports) has declined from about 4 percent in 1970 to about 2 percent at present (Figure 1). This long-term decline is traceable to such factors as ma...

Chapter 2: Evolution of Sub-Saharan African Trade Patterns through 2005

Chapter 2: Evolution of Sub-Saharan African Trade Patterns through 2005 »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Trade Patterns by Destination The share of sub-Saharan Africa’s exports to developing countries has more than doubled since 1990. As Asia industrializes, its demand for natural resou...

Appendix 1. Data Source and Notes

Appendix 1. Data Source and Notes »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

The analysis uses UN Comtrade data on sub-Saharan African merchandise (physical goods) exports, as reflected in imports to the reporting country under Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) revis...

Appendix 2. Additional Tables and Figures

Appendix 2. Additional Tables and Figures »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Table A1. Export Shares of Major Product Categories, 1995 and 2005 (In percent, ranked by 2005 shares)...

Chapter 3. Benchmarking Sub-Saharan African Trade Performance

Chapter 3. Benchmarking Sub-Saharan African Trade Performance »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Many studies have investigated whether regions or countries undertrade or overtrade relative to a benchmark model of trade flows. 18 Gravity models are commonly used for setting t...

Chapter 4. Making Trade an Engine of Development

Chapter 4. Making Trade an Engine of Development »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Evidence indicates that sub-Saharan Africa is performing below its export potential. Its export growth derives both from fuels and manufactures, but manufactures are confined to a few resource-based products...