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Modernizing China
			: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583625.071

ISBN: 9781475583625

Keywords: China, China, People's Republic of, Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure

China is at a critical juncture in its economic transformation as it tries to rebalance what is generally seen as an exhausted growth model. A unifying theme across the reforms that will deliver this transformation...

Modernizing China
			: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513539942.071

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

China is at a critical juncture in its economic transformation as it tries to rebalance what is generally seen as an exhausted growth model. A unifying theme across the reforms that will deliver this transformation...

Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth

Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth »

Source: Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 1996/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

ISBN: 9781451845921

Keywords: Social Safety Nets, Public Welfare, Economic Growth, Transfers, Productive Public Spending, criminal behavior, amount of crime, social security

This paper analyses the role of social safety nets in the form of redistributional transfers and wage subsidies. It is argued that public welfare programs can be viewed as a crime-preventing or disruption-preventin...

Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China*

Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China* »

Source: Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China

Volume/Issue: 2018/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484351109

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Social safety nets, Intergovernmental relations, subnational government finances, China, Social Security and Public Pensions, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue, State and Local Borrowing

China is the most decentralized country in the world in terms of expenditures shares, with subnational governments responsible for 85 percent of government spending. Limited revenue autonomy and insufficient interg...

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1 »

Source: China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2018/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , Ray Brooks , Ding Ding , Haiyan Ding , Hui He , Jing Lu , and Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484388778

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, China; Savings; Demographic Changes; Social Safety Net; Inequality; Housing; Projections, China, Savings, Demographic Changes, Social Safety Net, Inequality; Housing, Projections,

China's high national savings rate-one of the highest in the world-is at the heart of its external/internal imbalances. High savings finance elevated investment when held domestically, or lead to large external imb...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Source: Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

Governance and Fund Management in the Chinese Pension System

Governance and Fund Management in the Chinese Pension System »

Source: Governance and Fund Management in the Chinese Pension System

Volume/Issue: 2009/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yu-Wei Hu , Gregorio Impavido , and Xiaohong Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

ISBN: 9781451873931

Keywords: Public pensions, Fund Management, Governance, pension, social security, asset managers, pension funds, pension system, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation

The Chinese pension system is highly fragmented and decentralized, with governance standards, pension fund management practices, their regulation and supervision varying considerably both across the funded componen...

Chapter 1. China’s Economic Success and Reforms: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Chapter 1. China’s Economic Success and Reforms: Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

China matters as never before. It is now the second largest economy in the world—and the largest in purchasing power parity. Even at half its historical economic growth rate, it con...

Chapter 2. Modernizing the Tax Policy Regime

Chapter 2. Modernizing the Tax Policy Regime »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

Fiscal reform is integral to China’s broad reform plans and key for achieving more inclusive and sustainable growth. The 13th Five-Year Plan commits to deepening tax reforms to facilitate economic transition...

Chapter 3. Strengthening Tax Administration

Chapter 3. Strengthening Tax Administration »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

China’s tax administration has improved substantially over the past two decades in the face of major changes in the economy and the tax system (see Chapter 2). This has contributed importantly to a doubling...