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Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia
			: What is the Role of Oil?

Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia : What is the Role of Oil? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870749.001

ISBN: 9781451870749

Keywords: trade elasticities, current account adjustment, export prices, exporting countries, export volume, oil exports, oil exporters,

The analysis in this paper suggests that import and export volume elasticities are markedly lower in oil-exporting Middle East and Central Asian countries than in non-oil countries in the region. A key implication...

In the news: Promising growth prospects for Asia and Middle East

In the news: Promising growth prospects for Asia and Middle East »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 19

Volume/Issue: 34/19

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451938951

Keywords: international monetary fund, central bank, world trade, economic developments

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

3. Reforms to Unlock Growth Potential in the Middle East and Central Asia

3. Reforms to Unlock Growth Potential in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising growth potential requires combinations of reforms that can affect the factors discussed in Chapter 2 and, naturally, reform priorities vary across countries. Most reform areas are heavily discussed i...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350642.086

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

This issue of the Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia provides an in-depth look at the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, as well as the Caucasus and Central As...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2009, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2009, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068421.086

ISBN: 9781589068421

Keywords: oil exporters, exporters, oil importers, exchange rate, balance sheets

The global crisis is now affecting the countries in the Middle East and Central Asia region, and economic and financial vulnerabilities are rising. In the Middle East and North Africa, good economic fundamentals, a...