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  • Keywords: Government Policy and Regulation, x
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China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , and Sally Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389706.001

ISBN: 9781484389706

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Digital economy; Fintech; Productivity; Employment; Financial stability, Digital economy, Fintech, Productivity, Employment, Financial stability, Government Policy and Regulation, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, General

China's digital economy has expanded rapidly in recent years. While average digitalization of the economy remains lower than in advanced economies, digitalization is already high in certain regions and sectors, in...

China's Local Government Bond Market

China's Local Government Bond Market »

Volume/Issue: 2018/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , and Jingsen Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378410.001

ISBN: 9781484378410

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China; Local Government; Subnational fiscal balance; bond market, China, Local Government, Subnational fiscal balance, bond market, Other, General, State and Local Borrowing, Government Policy and Regulation

Local governments play a significant role in China's public finance and fiscal operations. The size of local government debt has grown rapidly over the past years, exceeding the stock of sovereign debt in China. Ho...

From Global Savings Glut to Financing Infrastructure

From Global Savings Glut to Financing Infrastructure »

Volume/Issue: 2016/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Patrick Bolton , Sanjay Peters , Frederic Samama , and Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475591835.001

ISBN: 9781475591835

Keywords: H49, H54, G30, G38, projects, bank, risk, equity, General, Government Policy and Regulation

This paper investigates the emerging global landscape for public-private co-investments in infrastructure. The creation of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and other so-called “infrastructure investment pla...

Financial Distortions in China
			: A General Equilibrium Approach

Financial Distortions in China : A General Equilibrium Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2015/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Diego Anzoategui , Mali Chivakul , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513565149.001

ISBN: 9781513565149

Keywords: Financial distortions, interest rate liberalization, implicit government guarantees, interest, guarantees, deposit, implicit guarantees, deposits, General, Asia including Middle East

Widespread implicit guarantees and interest ceilings were major distortions in China's financial system, contributing to a misallocation of resources. We analyze the impact of removing such frictions in a general e...

Contingent Liabilities from Banks
			: How to Track Them?

Contingent Liabilities from Banks : How to Track Them? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Yin Liao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568560.001

ISBN: 9781513568560

Keywords: bank, banks, banking, risk, Government Policy and Regulation, All Countries,

In this paper, we develop a methodology to assess potential losses to the government that could arise from bank failures. The approach is intended to be simple, parsimonious, and used in real time. It generates an...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...

Why Complementarity Matters for Stability-Hong Kong SAR and Singapore as Asian Financial Centers

Why Complementarity Matters for Stability-Hong Kong SAR and Singapore as Asian Financial Centers »

Volume/Issue: 2014/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vanessa Le Lesle , Franziska Ohnsorge , Minsuk Kim , and Srikant Seshadri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498334464.001

ISBN: 9781498334464

Keywords: Networks, financial institutions and services, government policy and regulation, bond, financial stability, bond markets, financial institutions, hedge, General,

There is much speculation regarding a 'race for dominance' among financial centers in Asia, arising from the anticipated financial opening up of China. This frame of reference is, to an extent, a predilection that...

Asia's Stock Markets
			: Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons?

Asia's Stock Markets : Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Lipinsky , and Li Lian Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320143.001

ISBN: 9781484320143

Keywords: arbitrage pricing theory, Asian financial crisis, fundamentals, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic factors, integration, IOSCO, securities regulation, stock market, stock pricing

Stock markets play a key role in corporate financing in Asia. However, despite their increasing importance in terms of size and cross-border investment activity, the region's markets are reputed to be more 'idiosyn...

What is Shadow Banking?

What is Shadow Banking? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens , and Lev Ratnovski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475597349.001

ISBN: 9781475597349

Keywords: Regulation, Policy, banking activities, securitization, Government Policy and Regulation,

There is much confusion about what shadow banking is. Some equate it with securitization, others with non-traditional bank activities, and yet others with non-bank lending. Regardless, most think of shadow banking...

Leaning Against the Wind
			: Macroprudential Policy in Asia

Leaning Against the Wind : Macroprudential Policy in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2014/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , and Edda Zoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475572476.001

ISBN: 9781475572476

Keywords: capital flow measures, credit growth, housing price, capital flow, monetary fund, capital inflows, reserve requirements, Government Policy and Regulation,

In recent years, macroprudential policy has become an increasingly active policy area. Many countries have adopted it as a tool to safeguard financial stability, in particular to deal with the credit and asset pric...