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Resolving China's Corporate Debt Problem

Resolving China's Corporate Debt Problem »

Volume/Issue: 2016/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wojciech Maliszewski , Serkan Arslanalp , John Caparusso , José Garrido , Si Guo , Joong Shik Kang , W. Raphael Lam , Daniel Law , Wei Liao , Nadia Rendak , Philippe Wingender , Jiangyan Yu , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545289.001

ISBN: 9781475545289

Keywords: Corporate Debt Overhang; Credit; Restructuring; Hardening Budget Constraints

Corporate credit growth in China has been excessive in recent years. This credit boom is related to the large increase in investment after the Global Financial Crisis. Investment efficiency has fallen and the finan...

Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519914.001

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Middle East and Central Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519983.001

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335895.001

ISBN: 9781484335895

Keywords: Governance, China, Government expenditures, Revenues, Bond issues, Banks, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

World Economic Outlook, October 2012
			: Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353896.081

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The October 2012 World Economic Outlook (WEO) assesses the prospects for the global recovery in light of such risks as the ongoing euro area crisis and the "fiscal cliff" facing U.S. policymakers. Reducing the risk...

Externalities. Incentives, and Economic Reforms

Externalities. Incentives, and Economic Reforms »

Volume/Issue: 1990/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451926477.001

ISBN: 9781451926477

Keywords: external resources, tax revenue, budget constraints, public budget, tax system

The paper emphasizes the role of institutions and incentives in the presence of externalities. An economy with multiple public decision makers is likely to experience “overspending,” “undertaxi...