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Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime »

Volume/Issue: 2019/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302029.001

ISBN: 9781498302029

Keywords: Exchange markets, Real effective exchange rates, Central banks, Exchange rate policy, Nominal effective exchange rate, reminbi, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, liquidity, RMB

China's exchange rate regime has undergone gradual reform since the move away from a fixed exchange rate in 2005. The renminbi has become more flexible over time but is still carefully managed, and depth and liquid...

The Long-Run Trend of Residential Investment in China

The Long-Run Trend of Residential Investment in China »

Volume/Issue: 2018/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , and Weicheng Lian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385371.001

ISBN: 9781484385371

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, Central banks and their policies, China housing market, residential investment, rebalancing, Bayesian Analysis, Time-Series Models, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

In this paper we analyze the fundamental drivers of China's residential investment as a share of its GDP. Our analysis indicates that the economic structural changes that led to rebalancing toward consumption were...

China's Monetary Policy Communication: Frameworks, Impact, and Recommendations

China's Monetary Policy Communication: Frameworks, Impact, and Recommendations »

Volume/Issue: 2018/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael McMahon , Alfred Schipke , and Xiang Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385647.001

ISBN: 9781484385647

Keywords: Financial markets, Central banks and their policies, Asia and Pacific, Monetary policy, People’;s Bank of China, Communication, Central Bank, Monetary Policy Transmission, People&;amp;#x2019;s Bank of China, Monetary Policy (Targets

Financial markets are eager for any signal of monetary policy from the People's Bank of China (PBC). The importance of effective monetary policy communication will only increase as China continues to liberalize its...

Assessing China's Residential Real Estate Market

Assessing China's Residential Real Estate Market »

Volume/Issue: 2017/248

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , Xiaoyu Huang , Tao Jin , and W. Raphael Lam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484324813.001

ISBN: 9781484324813

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Macroprudential Policy, Central banks and their policies, China real estate market, housing bubbles, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Housing Supply and Markets, Bayesian Analysis

China's real estate market rebounded sharply after a temporary slowdown in 2014-2015. This paper uses city-level data to estimate the range of house price overvaluation across city-tiers and assesses the main risks...

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513543031.087

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in R...

Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets

Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Armand Fouejieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586267.001

ISBN: 9781513586267

Keywords: Inflation targeting, Exchange rate regime, Non-linearities, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, General, Globalization: General, All Countries,

This paper investigates the effects of the adoption of inflation targeting (IT) on the choice of exchange rate regime in emerging markets (EMs), conditional on certain macroeconomic conditions. Using a large sample...

IMF Financial Operations 2014

IMF Financial Operations 2014 »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484318928.071

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

IMF Financial Operations 2014 provides a broad introduction to how the IMF fulfills its mission through its financial activities. It covers the financial structure and operations of the IMF and also pr...

Finance and Development, June 2014

Finance and Development, June 2014 »

Volume/Issue: 51/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535037.022

ISBN: 9781475535037

Keywords: Finance and Development, monetary fund, governance, central bank, good governance

This chapter highlights various ways Asia's growth has affected the world economy. The chapter also shows that if currency trends continue, the Asian economy is expected to be larger than that of the United States...

The Caucasus and Central Asia
			: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305140.087

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...

Inflation and Income Inequality
			: Is Food Inflation Different?

Inflation and Income Inequality : Is Food Inflation Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Walsh , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504163.001

ISBN: 9781475504163

Keywords: core inflation, monetary fund, central bank, monetary policy, high inflation, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Urban, Rural

There is an extensive literature noting that high inflation can add to income inequality, and a parallel literature assessing the effect of rising food prices on the poor. This paper attempts to combine these stran...