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Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Francesco Caramazza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455220038.051

ISBN: 9781455220038

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, exchange rates, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate arrangements

This paper examines the recent evolution of exchange rate policies in the developing world. It looks at why so many countries have made a transition from fixed or "pegged" exchange rates to "managed floating" curre...

Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance

Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance »

Volume/Issue: 2002/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972788.003

ISBN: 9781451972788

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Poverty, Foreign aid, ODA, international public goods, exchange rate, capita income, industrial countries, real exchange, public goods

This paper highlights the macro and microeconomic challenges associated with success of the effort to mobilize 0.7 percent of GNP for official development assistance (ODA). To promote achievement of the Millennium...

Controlled Capital Account Liberalization
			: A Proposal

Controlled Capital Account Liberalization : A Proposal »

Volume/Issue: 2005/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad , and Raghuram Rajan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975741.003

ISBN: 9781451975741

Keywords: Capital account liberalization, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Reserves, Foreign exchange reserves, International finance, closed-end mutual fund, international portfolio diversification, capital account, capital outflows

In this paper, we develop a proposal for a controlled approach to capital account liberalization for economies experiencing large capital inflows. The proposal essentially involves securitizing a portion of capital...

Modernizing China's Growth Paradigm

Modernizing China's Growth Paradigm »

Volume/Issue: 2006/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad , and Raghuram Rajan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451946147.003

ISBN: 9781451946147

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic growth, China, International finance, Policy reforms, market-oriented economy, trade and financial integration, policy complementarities, exchange rate, international monetary fund

China has achieved tremendous economic progress in the last three decades, but there is much work to be done to make the economy resilient to large shocks, ensure the sustainability of its growth, and translate thi...

Putting the Cart Before the Horse? Capital Account Liberalization and Exchange Rate Flexibility in China

Putting the Cart Before the Horse? Capital Account Liberalization and Exchange Rate Flexibility in China »

Volume/Issue: 2005/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad , Qing Wang , and Thomas Rumbaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975451.003

ISBN: 9781451975451

Keywords: Capital controls, China, exchange rate regime, financial sector reforms, capital account, capital inflows, capital account liberalization, capital flows, financial sector weakness,

This paper reviews the issues involved in moving towards greater exchange rate flexibility and capital account liberalization in China. A more flexible exchange rate regime would allow China to operate a more indep...

People's Republic of China
			: 2011 Article IV Consultation

People's Republic of China : 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/192

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463982416.002

ISBN: 9781463982416

Keywords: cost of capital, capital market, financial reform, financial system, financial liberalization, financial stability, interest rate liberalization, financial sector, bond, capital market development

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Euro Area Policies
			: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2006/287

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813043.002

ISBN: 9781451813043

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, interest rates, labor market, financial sector

The euro area recovered from the economic doldrums. Executive Directors welcomed the recovery, supported by strong financial conditions, global growth, and improved financial positions. They encouraged the reformed...

People's Republic of China
			: 2010 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

People's Republic of China : 2010 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2010/238

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205868.002

ISBN: 9781455205868

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, interest rates, real exchange, real exchange rate

The Chinese government's macroeconomic policy response to the crisis has delivered positive results, and mitigated the impact of the global downturn on its economy. The challenge now is to sustain this strong growt...

Emerging Market Volatility
			: Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum »

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498318204.006

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced?

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384860.006

ISBN: 9781462384860

Keywords: global imbalances, current account, exchange rates, current account deficits, current account surpluses, exchange rate, current account deficit, Account Balances Be Reduced?,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...