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Food security and poverty in LDCs: Raising incomes, not just food supplies, is the key

Food security and poverty in LDCs: Raising incomes, not just food supplies, is the key »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1985

Volume/Issue: 22/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1985

ISBN: 9781616353636

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, finance, balance of payments

This paper elaborates the introduction of surveillance that gave the IMF broader responsibilities with respect to oversight of its members' policies than existed under the par value system. The IMF's purview has be...

Foreign currency options: Reducing exchange risks: an innovative approach

Foreign currency options: Reducing exchange risks: an innovative approach »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1985

Volume/Issue: 22/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1985

ISBN: 9781616353636

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, finance, balance of payments

This paper elaborates the introduction of surveillance that gave the IMF broader responsibilities with respect to oversight of its members' policies than existed under the par value system. The IMF's purview has be...

Foreign direct investment in developing countries: Trends, policy issues, and outlook to 1990

Foreign direct investment in developing countries: Trends, policy issues, and outlook to 1990 »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1985

Volume/Issue: 22/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1985

ISBN: 9781616353605

Keywords: investors, foreign investment, exchange rate, commercial banks, international finance

This paper anlayzes the role of the International Financial Corporation (IFC) in promoting economic development in developing countries with the private sector. IFC promotes growth of new companies, indigenous comp...

2 Global Perspectives on the Issues

2 Global Perspectives on the Issues »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

The opening session of the conference was designed to introduce the issues for discussion from the perspective of the institutions and major policymakers. The conference was convened by M. Saifu...

IFC’s new approach to project promotion: Developing investments by sector or industry

IFC’s new approach to project promotion: Developing investments by sector or industry »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1985

Volume/Issue: 22/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1985

ISBN: 9781616353605

Keywords: investors, foreign investment, exchange rate, commercial banks, international finance

This paper anlayzes the role of the International Financial Corporation (IFC) in promoting economic development in developing countries with the private sector. IFC promotes growth of new companies, indigenous comp...

The IMF in a World of Private Capital Markets*

The IMF in a World of Private Capital Markets* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction Catalyzing private capital flows to emerging markets has been an objective of the International Monetary Fund since at least the 1990s. 1...

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451927313.001

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

International Evidence on Recovery from Recessions

International Evidence on Recovery from Recessions »

Volume/Issue: 2009/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , Sweta Saxena , and Ugo Panizza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873306.001

ISBN: 9781451873306

Keywords: Growth, Recession, Rebound, Output loss, exchange rate, recessions, exchange rate regime,

Although negative shocks have persistent effects on output on average, this paper shows that macroeconomic policies and the structure of the economy can influence the speed of recovery and mitigate the persistence...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856347.001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

Shifting Motives
			: Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's »

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933197.001

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...