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6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Principles Expenditure assignments influence the effective provision of certain services, as well as macroeconomic policy, but have important distributional implicati...

Appendix: East Timor—The Role of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank39

Appendix: East Timor—The Role of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank39 »

Source: East Timor : Establishing the Foundations of Sound Macroeconomic Management

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis Mendonca , Shamsuddin Tareq , Luis Valdivieso , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Toshihide Endo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2000

ISBN: 9781557759610

Keywords: banking, wage, expenditures, capital expenditures, payments

The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (AsDB) are actively engaged in the reconstruction and development work in East Timor. The World Bank led a joint assessment mission in...

11 Basic Issues of Decentralization and Tax Assignment

11 Basic Issues of Decentralization and Tax Assignment »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

This chapter deals with an issue normally referred to as the tax assignment problem. A government is responsible for performing various functions. It needs to raise...

5 Budget Laws, Control, Review, and Management in China

5 Budget Laws, Control, Review, and Management in China »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

The development of a framework of budget laws in China is important in clarifying and managing the financial resources of the government and is crucial in establishi...

The Budget, Macroeconomic Control, and Legal Framework

The Budget, Macroeconomic Control, and Legal Framework »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

...

4 Budget Policy in China

4 Budget Policy in China »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Budget policy in conjunction with the planning mechanism was the most powerful instrument available to governments in socialist economies. Its importance was magnifi...

3 China’s Financial Policies for Minority Nationalities and Poor Areas

3 China’s Financial Policies for Minority Nationalities and Poor Areas »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

At present, China is devoting itself to setting up and perfecting a socialist market economy system, by using the successful experiences of other countries. A series...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different?

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1 »

Source: Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform

The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform »

Source: The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform : The Case of China

Volume/Issue: 1989/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1989

ISBN: 9781451981698

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, taxation, government expenditure, government revenue

Market-oriented economic reforms in centrally planned economies have altered the functions and objectives of key policy instruments, particularly in the case of fiscal policy. As a result of reform, economic manage...