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Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China

Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China »

Volume/Issue: 2017/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Mano , and Phil Stokoe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331651.001

ISBN: 9781484331651

Keywords: China, Asia and Pacific, Government Statistics, Fiscal Risks, Local Government Finance, General

China's official general government accounts do not include off-budget quasi-fiscal spending unlike the IMF's augmented government accounts. This paper argues that the broader concept of augmented government remain...

Broad Money Demand and Asset Substitution in China

Broad Money Demand and Asset Substitution in China »

Volume/Issue: 2009/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ge Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872781.001

ISBN: 9781451872781

Keywords: asset substitution, exchange rate, interest rate, equation, statistics, cointegration, inflation,

Recent changes to China's financial system, in particular ongoing interest rate liberalization, gradual movement toward a more flexible exchange rate regime, and rapid development of capital markets, have changed s...

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2008/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870664.001

ISBN: 9781451870664

Keywords: Forex returns, GARCH models, volatility, exchange rate, standard deviation, statistics, heteroscedasticity,

During 2001-07, increases in mature market volatility were associated with declines in forex returns for East Asian countries, consistent with an overall "flight to safety" effect. Estimates from GARCH models sugge...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia
			: Current Situation and a Way Forward

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward »

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869712.001

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Das (Wasted) Kapital
			: Firm Ownership and Investment Efficiency in China

Das (Wasted) Kapital : Firm Ownership and Investment Efficiency in China »

Volume/Issue: 2007/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Dollar , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865738.001

ISBN: 9781451865738

Keywords: Returns to capital, financial system, SOEs, private firms, outlier, survey, statistics, outliers, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Based on a survey that we designed and that covers a stratified random sample of 12,400 firms in 120 cities in China with firm-level accounting information for 2002-2004, this paper examines the presence of systema...

An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts

An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts »

Volume/Issue: 2006/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Timmermann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863192.001

ISBN: 9781451863192

Keywords: Global economic condition, forecast performance, and evaluation, inflation, statistics, correlation, inflation forecasts, General Aggregative Models: Forecasting and Simulation, Prices, Business Fluctuations

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a key source of forecasts of global economic conditions. It is therefore important to review the performance of these forecasts against both actual outcomes and alternative forec...

Seasonalities in China's Stock Markets
			: Cultural or Structural?

Seasonalities in China's Stock Markets : Cultural or Structural? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jason Mitchell , and Li Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862645.001

ISBN: 9781451862645

Keywords: A-shares, B-shares, Chinese Lunar New Year, day-of-the-week effect, half-month effect, half-year effect, holiday effect, seasonalities, turn-of-the-year effect, stock market

In this paper, we examine returns in the Chinese A and B stock markets for evidence of calendar anomalies. We find that both cultural and structural (segmentation) factors play an important role in influencing the...

Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth

Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2005/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Paola Giuliano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862539.001

ISBN: 9781451862539

Keywords: financial development, growth, system GMM, impact of remittances, migration, remittance, statistics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

There has been little systematic empirical study on the relationship between remittances and growth. This paper attempts to examine this relationship. Using a newly constructed crosscountry of data series for remit...

Exits from Heavily Managed Exchange Rate Regimes

Exits from Heavily Managed Exchange Rate Regimes »

Volume/Issue: 2005/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Eisuke Okada , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860580.001

ISBN: 9781451860580

Keywords: orderly and disorderly exits, exchange rate, real exchange rate, international financial statistics, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, International Lending and Debt Problems, orderly, and disorderly exits,

A widely held nostrum is that countries should exit heavily managed exchange rate regimes when the going is good, rather than when the exchange rate is under pressure to depreciate. Have countries followed this adv...

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments
			: What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments : What Works in Emerging Market Economies? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857528.001

ISBN: 9781451857528

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, probability, statistics, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have...