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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Despite Asia’s progress over the past several decades in closing gender gaps in education, health, economic, and political outcomes, women and girls continue to encounter barriers relative to men. Gender gap...

Chapter 6. Middle East and Central Asia

Chapter 6. Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender budgeting is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia and, despite recent progress in improving conditions for women and girls, gender inequality remains entrenched in most of the r...

Modernizing China
			: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583625.071

ISBN: 9781475583625

Keywords: China, China, People's Republic of, Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure

China is at a critical juncture in its economic transformation as it tries to rebalance what is generally seen as an exhausted growth model. A unifying theme across the reforms that will deliver this transformation...

Collect More, Spend Better
			: Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets

Collect More, Spend Better : Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Ricardo Marto , Jiri Jonas , and Kaitlyn Douglass

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570892.001

ISBN: 9781475570892

Keywords: Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Tax collection, Vietnam, Capital expenditure, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Emerging markets, Cambodia, Debt sustainability

We use a dynamic small open economy model to explore the macroeconomic impact of alternative public investment scaling-up scenarios, analyzing how improving the efficiency of capital spending and of tax revenue col...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity
			: Crossing the Tipping Point

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point »

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558142.001

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity »

Source: Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Climate Mitigation in China

Climate Mitigation in China »

Source: Climate Mitigation in China : Which Policies Are Most Effective?

Volume/Issue: 2016/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Baoping Shang , Philippe Wingender , Nate Vernon , and Tarun Narasimhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475574524

Keywords: Paris Agreement, carbon tax, China, air pollution, coal tax, emissions trading, incidence, welfare effects

For the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, China pledged to reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2) intensity of GDP by 60-65 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. This paper develops a practical spreadsheet tool for eva...

Climate Mitigation in China
			: Which Policies Are Most Effective?

Climate Mitigation in China : Which Policies Are Most Effective? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Baoping Shang , Philippe Wingender , Nate Vernon , and Tarun Narasimhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574524.001

ISBN: 9781475574524

Keywords: Paris Agreement, carbon tax, China, air pollution, coal tax, emissions trading, incidence, welfare effects

For the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, China pledged to reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2) intensity of GDP by 60-65 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. This paper develops a practical spreadsheet tool for eva...

Tax Administration Reform in China
			: Achievements, Challenges, and Reform Priorities

Tax Administration Reform in China : Achievements, Challenges, and Reform Priorities »

Volume/Issue: 2016/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Brondolo , and Zhiyong Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475523614.001

ISBN: 9781475523614

Keywords: Tax Administration, Tax Administration Reform, China Tax Administration

Tax administration improvements have contributed significantly to a doubling of China's tax-to-GDP ratio and the substantial reduction in taxpayers' compliance costs since the mid-1990s. This paper describes the ke...

Tax Administration Reform in China

Tax Administration Reform in China »

Source: Tax Administration Reform in China : Achievements, Challenges, and Reform Priorities

Volume/Issue: 2016/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Brondolo , and Zhiyong Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2016

ISBN: 9781475523614

Keywords: Tax Administration, Tax Administration Reform, China Tax Administration

Tax administration improvements have contributed significantly to a doubling of China's tax-to-GDP ratio and the substantial reduction in taxpayers' compliance costs since the mid-1990s. This paper describes the ke...