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Exchange Market Pressure and Monetary Policy
			: Asia and Latin America in the 1990s

Exchange Market Pressure and Monetary Policy : Asia and Latin America in the 1990s »

Volume/Issue: 1999/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853773.001

ISBN: 9781451853773

Keywords: Exchange Market Pressure, Domestic Credit, Exchange Rate, Vector Autoregression, monetary base, money supply, inflation, monetary fund

Exchange market pressure (EMP), the sum of exchange rate depreciation and reserve outflows (scaled by base money), summarizes the flow excess supply of money in a managed exchange rate regime. Examining Brazil, Chi...

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2008/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870664.001

ISBN: 9781451870664

Keywords: Forex returns, GARCH models, volatility, exchange rate, standard deviation, statistics, heteroscedasticity,

During 2001-07, increases in mature market volatility were associated with declines in forex returns for East Asian countries, consistent with an overall "flight to safety" effect. Estimates from GARCH models sugge...

Measuring Misalignment
			: Purchasing Power Parity and East Asian Currencies in the 1990s

Measuring Misalignment : Purchasing Power Parity and East Asian Currencies in the 1990s »

Volume/Issue: 1999/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Menzie Chinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854251.001

ISBN: 9781451854251

Keywords: exchange rate, purchasing power parity, overvaluation, cointegration, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real exchange rate

The concept of purchasing power parity (PPP) is used to evaluate whether eight East Asian currencies were overvalued on the eve of the 1997 crises. The Johansen and Horvath-Watson cointegration test procedures are...

Monetary Policy in the Aftermath of Currency Crises
			: The Case of Asia

Monetary Policy in the Aftermath of Currency Crises : The Case of Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1998/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig , and Ilan Goldfajn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858396.001

ISBN: 9781451858396

Keywords: interest rates, exchange rate, exchange rates, real interest rates

This paper evaluates monetary policy and its relationship with the exchange rate in five Asian crisis countries. The findings are compared with previous currency crises in recent history. The paper finds no evidenc...

The Asia Crisis
			: Causes, Policy Responses, and Outcomes

The Asia Crisis : Causes, Policy Responses, and Outcomes »

Volume/Issue: 1999/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855968.001

ISBN: 9781451855968

Keywords: Asia crisis, interest rates and exchange rates, currency crises, balance of payments crises, exchange rate, banking, banking system, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper tells the story of the Asian financial crisis by addressing four questions: What were the causes of the crisis, how did the crisis unfold, what were the policy responses, and what have been the outcomes?...

The East Asian Crisis
			: Macroeconomic Developments and Policy Lessons

The East Asian Crisis : Macroeconomic Developments and Policy Lessons »

Volume/Issue: 1998/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Prakash Loungani , and Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451935547.001

ISBN: 9781451935547

Keywords: crisis countries, exchange rate, asian crisis, exchange rates, contagion

This paper reviews macroeconomic developments during the first year of the crisis in east Asia and draws some preliminary policy lessons. The crisis is rooted in the interaction of large capital inflows and weak pr...

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922882.001

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...

Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries
			: Filling in the "Hollow Middle"?

Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries : Filling in the "Hollow Middle"? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Hernández , and Peter Montiel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858426.001

ISBN: 9781451858426

Keywords: exchange rate policy, exchange rate, crisis countries, pre-crisis, post-crisis period, exchange rates

Following the 1997-98 financial turmoil, crisis countries in Asia moved toward either floating or fixed exchange rate systems, reinforcing the bipolar view of exchange rate regimes and the "hollow middle" hypothesi...

Sovereign Spreads and Contagion Risks in Asia

Sovereign Spreads and Contagion Risks in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2011/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Filiz Unsal , and Carlos Caceres

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259397.001

ISBN: 9781455259397

Keywords: Sovereign spreads, contagion, market price of risk, exchange rate, exchange rate risk, euro, international monetary fund, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets,

This paper explores how much of the movements in the sovereign spreads of Asian economies over the course of the global financial crisis has reflected shifts in (i) global risk aversion; (ii) country-specific risks...

The Interest Rate-Exchange Rate Nexus in the Asian Crisis Countries

The Interest Rate-Exchange Rate Nexus in the Asian Crisis Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2000/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , and Gabriela Basurto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843736.001

ISBN: 9781451843736

Keywords: Asia currency crisis, exchange rate, monetary model, monetary policy, money demand

Sharp exchange rate depreciations in the East Asian crisis countries (Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand) raised doubts about the efficacy of increasing interest rates to defend the currency. Using a standard monetary...