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People’s Republic of China: 2011 Article IV Consultation

People’s Republic of China: 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Source: People's Republic of China : 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/192

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

ISBN: 9781463982416

Keywords: cost of capital, capital market, financial reform, financial system, financial liberalization, financial stability, interest rate liberalization, financial sector, bond, capital market development

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2007

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066786

Keywords: Exchange rates, foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, direct investment, forward exchange, foreign currencies, multiple currency practices, foreign investment, exchange control

(Position as of March 31, 2007) Status under IMF Articles of Agreement...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2005

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064379

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, foreign exchange budget

(Position as of January 31, 2005) Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia »

Source: Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2007/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867305

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, exchange rate, bilateral trade, currency unions, trade costs, exchange rate policies,

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, new interest has emerged in the formation of a common currency area in East Asia. This paper provides estimates of trade and welfare effects of East Asian currency unions, usin...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

Reversing Pollution Trends in Asia

Reversing Pollution Trends in Asia »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1994

Volume/Issue: 31/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451952599

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rates, overvalued exchange rates, terms of trade, nontariff barriers

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia »

Source: The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2001/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gonzalo Pastor , and Tatiana Damjanovic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451858341

Keywords: Russian financial crisis, external debt issues, exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, external debt, exchange rate flexibility, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Kyrgyzstan,

This paper reviews the economic conditions in central Asia at the time of the Russian financial crisis of August 1998; the channels by which the crisis was transmitted to the central Asian region; and the policy re...

Shifting Motives

Shifting Motives »

Source: Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

The Shifting Structure of China's Trade and Production

The Shifting Structure of China's Trade and Production »

Source: The Shifting Structure of China's Trade and Production

Volume/Issue: 2007/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Li Cui , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2007

ISBN: 9781451867787

Keywords: Value added, processing trade, exchange rate, domestic demand, domestic production, trade structure, trade flows,

This paper uses disaggregated trade data to assess how the expansion of China's production capacity and its changing production structure may be affecting its trade linkages with other countries. It finds that Chin...