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7 Responding to Transformations in the Developing World

7 Responding to Transformations in the Developing World »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Wim Duisenberg Although the Articles of Agreement still bear considerable resemblance to the first issue of 1944, the Fund has clearly changed over the years, focusing its activities...

The role of development finance corporations

The role of development finance corporations »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1985

Volume/Issue: 22/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1985

ISBN: 9781616353605

Keywords: investors, foreign investment, exchange rate, commercial banks, international finance

This paper anlayzes the role of the International Financial Corporation (IFC) in promoting economic development in developing countries with the private sector. IFC promotes growth of new companies, indigenous comp...

Session 3: Debt in Emerging Economies - Public Debt, Fiscal Solvency, and Macroeconomic Uncertainty in Latin America: The Cases of Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico*

Session 3: Debt in Emerging Economies - Public Debt, Fiscal Solvency, and Macroeconomic Uncertainty in Latin America: The Cases of Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction The ratios of public debt to GDP have been rising steadily in the economies of Latin America. Comparing averages for the period 1996-2002 with those for the period 1990-...

Session 2: Exchange Rate Issues - Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates*

Session 2: Exchange Rate Issues - Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction Financial globalization has been one of the most important trends in the world economy in recent decades. This process has involved sharply rising foreign asset and liab...

Session 1: Global Imbalances - A Map to the Revived Bretton Woods End Game: Direct Investment, Rising Real Wages, and the Absorption of Excess Labor in the Periphery

Session 1: Global Imbalances - A Map to the Revived Bretton Woods End Game: Direct Investment, Rising Real Wages, and the Absorption of Excess Labor in the Periphery »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

The consensus opinion on China’s and Asia’s currency policy is that it is destabilizing and must ultimately come to a bad end. 1 The “undervaluation” of currencies in order to gen...

Session 5: Innovations in Private and Multilateral Lending - Dollars, Debt, and the IFIs: Dedollarizing Multilateral Lending*

Session 5: Innovations in Private and Multilateral Lending - Dollars, Debt, and the IFIs: Dedollarizing Multilateral Lending* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction Financial dollarization (FD) has been placed increasingly at the forefront of the policy debate in many emerging economies, driven by concerns about the currency imbalan...

Session 4: The Role of the IMF - A Model of the IMF as a Coinsurance Arrangement*

Session 4: The Role of the IMF - A Model of the IMF as a Coinsurance Arrangement* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction Financial liberalization, capital account convertibility, and the increasing importance of private capital flows have dramatically changed the international environment...

Shifting Motives

Shifting Motives »

Source: Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

Special Section Investing in Development: lessons of World Bank experience: The conclusions of a major introspective review

Special Section Investing in Development: lessons of World Bank experience: The conclusions of a major introspective review »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1985

Volume/Issue: 22/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1985

ISBN: 9781616353636

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, finance, balance of payments

This paper elaborates the introduction of surveillance that gave the IMF broader responsibilities with respect to oversight of its members' policies than existed under the par value system. The IMF's purview has be...

11 Surveillance and the International Monetary System

11 Surveillance and the International Monetary System »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Introduction Opening the session, Maria Schaumayer remarked that the issues to be addressed included the role of Fund surveillance in overseeing policy formation, the role of exchang...