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Inequality and Labor Market Institutions

Inequality and Labor Market Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2015/14

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Florence Jaumotte , and Carolina Osorio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513577258.006

ISBN: 9781513577258

Keywords: Minimum wage, Inequality, top income shares, unions, labor market, union density, labor, unemployment, Equity, Justice

The SDN examines the role of labor market institutions in the rise of income inequality in advanced economies, alongside other determinants. The evidence strongly indicates that de-unionization is associated with r...

IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 09

IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 09 »

Volume/Issue: 35/9

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451968132.023

ISBN: 9781451968132

Keywords: international monetary fund, debt, budget, Labor market, Budget Policy and Planning, Cost-benefit Analysis, Debtor and Creditor, Economic Development. Finance, Economic History, Financial Liberalization

Funding the IMF; Middle East and Central Asia economic outlook; Is globalization a choice?; Latin American reform; Trade conference; Aid effectiveness; Long-term interest rates in G7 countries; Wage flexibility; Jo...

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Ernesto Crivelli , and Joël Toujas-Bernate

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505689.001

ISBN: 9781475505689

Keywords: employment elasticities, structural policies, reforms, labor market, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other, Mobility

The aim of this paper is to provide new estimates of employment-output elasticities and assess the effect of structural and macroeocnomic policies on the employment-intensity of growth. Using an unbalanced panel of...

China's Labor Market in the 'New Normal'

China's Labor Market in the 'New Normal' »

Volume/Issue: 2015/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Waikei Lam , Xiaoguang Liu , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570693.001

ISBN: 9781513570693

Keywords: Mobility, labor market, labor, employment, General, General, General, General, General, General,

As China implements reforms under the 'new normal,' maintaining stability in the labor market is a priority. The country's demography and labor dynamics are changing, after benefitting in past decades from ample ch...

China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges

China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2003/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Ran , and Ray Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874815.001

ISBN: 9781451874815

Keywords: labor force, labor market, jobs, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

A more market-oriented labor market has emerged in China in the past twenty years with growing importance of the urban private sector, as state-owned enterprises have downsized. Despite the progress on reforms, a s...

Chronicle of a Decline Foretold
			: Has China Reached the Lewis Turning Point?

Chronicle of a Decline Foretold : Has China Reached the Lewis Turning Point? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475548242.001

ISBN: 9781475548242

Keywords: Excess labor supply, Lewis Turning Point, Population aging, Demographics, labor supply, labor force, labor market, labor demand, unemployment, General

China is on the eve of a demographic shift that will have profound consequences on its economic and social landscape. Within a few years the working age population will reach a historical peak, and then begin a pre...

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment »

Volume/Issue: 2012/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Lorenzo E. Bernal-Verdugo , and Dominique Guillaume

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463938420.001

ISBN: 9781463938420

Keywords: Labor market, flexibility, reforms, labor market institutions, labor market flexibility, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other

Using a sample of 97 countries spanning the period 1980?2008, we estimate that financial crises have a large negative impact on unemployment in the short term, but that this effect rapidly disappears in the medium...

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S. »

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326008.001

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

Mauritius
			: Unemployment and the Role of Institutions

Mauritius : Unemployment and the Role of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Yao , and Calvin McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874860.001

ISBN: 9781451874860

Keywords: institutions, wage, skilled labor, employment, labor demand, labor market, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence

Despite strong economic growth, a "U"-curve unemployment phenomenon in Mauritius can be observed. Unemployment plunged from 21 percent to less than 4 percent between the early 1980s and the early 1990s, but this tr...

The Impact of Tradeon Wages
			: What If Countries Are Not Small?

The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864151.001

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...