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Shifting Motives
			: Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's »

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933197.001

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

Spatial Spillovers in Emerging Market Spreads

Spatial Spillovers in Emerging Market Spreads »

Volume/Issue: 2011/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Salvatore Dell'Erba , Emanuele Baldacci , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904234.001

ISBN: 9781463904234

Keywords: sovereign spreads, emerging market, spatial econometrics, external debt, bond, currency crises, sovereign bond, total external debt, International Finance: General,

We use novel spatial econometrics techniques to explore spillovers in the sovereign bond market for 24 emerging economies during 1995-2010. The paper extends the previous literature focusing on spillover effects fr...

Government Cash Management
			: Its Interaction with Other Financial Policies

Government Cash Management : Its Interaction with Other Financial Policies »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462318254.005

ISBN: 9781462318254

Keywords: government cash management, cash management, debt management, financial policies, central bank, debt, cash flow

This technical note describes the interaction of government cash management with other financial policies. The note offers guidance on policy, institutional, and practical issues for governments looking to develop...

Output and Unemployment Dynamics during the Great Recession
			: A Panel Unobserved Components Analysis

Output and Unemployment Dynamics during the Great Recession : A Panel Unobserved Components Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2010/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455202195.001

ISBN: 9781455202195

Keywords: Output dynamics, Unemployment dynamics, World economy, Great Recession, Panel unobserved components model, unemployment rate, unemployment, domestic demand, labor demand, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper analyzes the sources of output and unemployment dynamics in the world economy during the Great Recession. This analysis is based on a panel unobserved components model of the world economy, disaggregated...

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis
			: What is Different This Time?

External Finance, Sudden Stops, and Financial Crisis : What is Different This Time? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): F. Gulcin Ozkan , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201419.001

ISBN: 9781455201419

Keywords: entrepreneurs, domestic economy, entrepreneur, open economy, domestic goods, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, international Finance, macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper develops a two-country DSGE model to investigate the transmission of a global financial crisis to a small open economy. We find that economies hit by a sudden stop arising from financial distress in the...

Russia's Output Collapse and Recovery
			: Evidence from the Post-Soviet Transition

Russia's Output Collapse and Recovery : Evidence from the Post-Soviet Transition »

Volume/Issue: 2010/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eteri Kvintradze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982596.001

ISBN: 9781451982596

Keywords: Russia and Growth Transition, transition period, growth rates, growth accounting, tfp,

The health of the Russian economy still depends heavily on natural resource revenues. The history of the economic collapse and recovery in 1970-2004 provides new evidence on the sources of Russian economic growth,...

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982107.001

ISBN: 9781451982107

Keywords: ICT, technology, equipment investment, technological progress, trade data, technological advances, information technology, net exports, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One

While production of ICT equipment plays a subordinate role for economic growth in most of these countries, they do benefit from capital deepening arising from falling prices of ICT equipment. Adapting established g...

Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets

Sovereign Default Risk and Private Sector Access to Capital in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2010/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Michael Papaioannou , and Christoph Trebesch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451961942.001

ISBN: 9781451961942

Keywords: Sovereign default, Private sector access, capital markets, external borrowing, sovereign defaults,

Top down spillovers of sovereign default risk can have serious consequences for the private sector in emerging markets. This paper analyzes the effects of these spillovers using firm-level data from 31 emerging mar...

Côte d'Ivoire
			: Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries:  Decision Point Document

Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries: Decision Point Document »

Volume/Issue: 2009/190

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451807950.002

ISBN: 9781451807950

Keywords: debt relief, debt service, debt sustainability

This paper examines Côte d'Ivoire's debt sustainability analysis undertaken in connection with the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The crisis years led to a substantial increase in poverty...

The Cost of Aggressive Sovereign Debt Policies
			: How Much is theprivate Sector Affected?

The Cost of Aggressive Sovereign Debt Policies : How Much is theprivate Sector Affected? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Trebesch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871760.001

ISBN: 9781451871760

Keywords: Sovereign Default, Reputation Spillovers, debt policies, debt crisis, external borrowing,

This paper proposes a new empirical measure of cooperative versus conflictual crisis resolution following sovereign default and debt distress. The index of government coerciveness is presented as a proxy for excusa...