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The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2008/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yi Wu , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868760.001

ISBN: 9781451868760

Keywords: trade balance, impact of trade, impact of trade liberalization, terms of trade,

Using two recently constructed measures of trade liberalization dates, this research studies the impact of trade liberalization on imports, exports, and overall trade balance for a large sample of developing countr...

Sustaining Latin America's Resurgence
			: Some Historical Perspectives

Sustaining Latin America's Resurgence : Some Historical Perspectives »

Volume/Issue: 2006/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anoop Singh , and Martin Cerisola

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865127.001

ISBN: 9781451865127

Keywords: Macroeconomic Policy, Policy Design and Consistency, Economic Growth, Open Economies, fiscal policy, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, discretionary fiscal policy, exchange rates, Prices

This paper looks at the historical lessons that might serve to entrech Latin America's newly resurgent growth phase. It briefly reviews the post-World War II experiences in Latin America and Asia, focusing on the c...

Financial Globalization
			: A Reappraisal

Financial Globalization : A Reappraisal »

Volume/Issue: 2006/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayhan Kose , Eswar Prasad , Kenneth Rogoff , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864496.001

ISBN: 9781451864496

Keywords: Growth and Volatility, Financial Crises, capital flows, financial globalization, International Economic Order, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

The literature on the benefits and costs of financial globalization for developing countries has exploded in recent years, but along many disparate channels and with a variety of apparently conflicting results. For...

Insurance Value of International Reserves
			: An Option Pricing Approach

Insurance Value of International Reserves : An Option Pricing Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2004/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858785.001

ISBN: 9781451858785

Keywords: option, underlying asset, international reserves, reserve holding, external debt, currency crises, reserve holdings, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A quantitative framework is developed to bring forward the insurance motive of holding international reserves. The insurance value of reserves is quantified as the market price of an equivalent option that provides...

Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow in Foreign Currency?

Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow in Foreign Currency? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858891.001

ISBN: 9781451858891

Keywords: Liability Dollarization, Monetary Credibility, currency debt, foreign currency, domestic currency, currency composition, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper explores the hypothesis that the dollarization of liabilities in emerging market economies is the result of a lack of monetary credibility. I present a model in which firms choose the currency compositio...

The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings

The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings »

Volume/Issue: 2003/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Tiffin , Christian Mulder , and Charalambos Christofides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849615.001

ISBN: 9781451849615

Keywords: foreign exchange spreads, standards, correlation, regulation, international standards, equation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper examines the relationship between adherence to international standards of good practice in policy-making and two key indicators of access to capital markets and the cost of this access: spreads and sover...

Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle

Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle »

Volume/Issue: 1998/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Wacziarg , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841732.001

ISBN: 9781451841732

Keywords: Financial integration, emerging markets, correlation, capital mobility, foreign capital, capital inflows, capital markets

The previous literature points to a high correlation between domestic rates of investment and savings among OECD countries. Some take this as evidence of limited financial integration in the industrialized world. T...

Saving in Southeast Asia and Latin America Compared
			: Searching for Policy Lessons

Saving in Southeast Asia and Latin America Compared : Searching for Policy Lessons »

Volume/Issue: 1997/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Thimann , and Anuradha Dayal-Gulati

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853308.001

ISBN: 9781451853308

Keywords: Saving, Southeast Asia, Latin America, private saving, pension, dependency ratio, retirement, funded pension

This paper examines empirical determinants of private saving for a sample of economies in Southeast Asia and Latin America over the period 1975–95. It uses panel estimations to establish relationships betwee...

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy
			: A Historical Perspective

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy : A Historical Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 1997/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451943450.001

ISBN: 9781451943450

Keywords: public sector, industrial countries, public spending, public finance, public interest

This paper discusses the role of the state from a historical perspective. It outlines how that role has changed over the past hundred years and discusses the forces that have promoted the changes. In the period bet...

Current Account Sustainability
			: Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences

Current Account Sustainability : Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1996/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Assaf Razin , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853292.001

ISBN: 9781451853292

Keywords: current account, current account deficits, capital inflows, external debt, capital flows

A number of developing countries have run large and persistent current account deficits in both the late seventies/early eighties and in the early nineties, raising the issue of whether these persistent imbalances...