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Financial Frictions, Investment, and Institutions

Financial Frictions, Investment, and Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2010/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yishay Yafeh , Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209316.001

ISBN: 9781455209316

Keywords: Financial Friction, institution, creditor rights, measurement errors, correlation, equation, financial markets, standard deviation, Corporate Finance and Governance: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Financial frictions have been identified as key factors affecting economic fluctuations and growth. But, can institutional reforms reduce financial frictions? Based on a canonical investment model, we consider two...

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2008/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870664.001

ISBN: 9781451870664

Keywords: Forex returns, GARCH models, volatility, exchange rate, standard deviation, statistics, heteroscedasticity,

During 2001-07, increases in mature market volatility were associated with declines in forex returns for East Asian countries, consistent with an overall "flight to safety" effect. Estimates from GARCH models sugge...

The Impact of Tradeon Wages
			: What If Countries Are Not Small?

The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864151.001

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

Were Bid-Ask Spreads in the Foreign Exchange Market Excessive During the Asian Crisis?

Were Bid-Ask Spreads in the Foreign Exchange Market Excessive During the Asian Crisis? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860535.001

ISBN: 9781451860535

Keywords: market microstructure, bid-ask spreads, Asian crisis, exchange rate, pre-crisis, pre- crisis,

Bid-ask spreads for Asian emerging market currencies increased sharply during the Asian crisis. A key question is whether such wide spreads were excessive or explained by models of bid-ask spreads. Precrisis estima...

Insurance Value of International Reserves
			: An Option Pricing Approach

Insurance Value of International Reserves : An Option Pricing Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2004/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858785.001

ISBN: 9781451858785

Keywords: option, underlying asset, international reserves, reserve holding, external debt, currency crises, reserve holdings, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A quantitative framework is developed to bring forward the insurance motive of holding international reserves. The insurance value of reserves is quantified as the market price of an equivalent option that provides...

Lending Booms, Real Estate Bubbles and the Asian Crisis

Lending Booms, Real Estate Bubbles and the Asian Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2002/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdelhak Senhadji , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843859.001

ISBN: 9781451843859

Keywords: Lending Booms, Real Estate Bubbles, Asia Crisis, real estate, stock market, real estate prices, moral hazard, Asian Crisis,

This paper examines the link between lending booms, asset price cycles, and financial crises across East Asian countries. Both theoretical arguments and empirical evidence support a strong relationship between bank...

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries
			: Investment Aspects

The Output Decline in Asian Crisis Countries : Investment Aspects »

Volume/Issue: 2002/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844276.001

ISBN: 9781451844276

Keywords: output decline, asian crisis, balance sheet, private capital, private capital flows, private investment, capital flows, capital inflows, Macroeconomics: Production, Macroeconomics: Consumption

This paper examines whether capital outflows may have contributed to output declines during the Asian Crisis by reducing the financing available for domestic investment. Panel data regressions suggest a positive, s...

Speculative Attacks in the Asian Crisis

Speculative Attacks in the Asian Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2001/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859614.001

ISBN: 9781451859614

Keywords: ACH, currency crisis, duration analysis, contagion, speculative attacks, asian crisis, currency crises, equation, Econometric Modeling,

This paper takes the Asian crisis as an example to show that the Autoregressive Conditional Hazard (ACH) model is a powerful tool for studying the time series features of speculative attacks. The ACH model proposes...

Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries
			: Filling in the "Hollow Middle"?

Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries : Filling in the "Hollow Middle"? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Hernández , and Peter Montiel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858426.001

ISBN: 9781451858426

Keywords: exchange rate policy, exchange rate, crisis countries, pre-crisis, post-crisis period, exchange rates

Following the 1997-98 financial turmoil, crisis countries in Asia moved toward either floating or fixed exchange rate systems, reinforcing the bipolar view of exchange rate regimes and the "hollow middle" hypothesi...

Characterizing Exchange Rate Regimes in Post-Crisis East Asia

Characterizing Exchange Rate Regimes in Post-Crisis East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2001/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857092.001

ISBN: 9781451857092

Keywords: exchange rate regime, volatility, Asian crisis, exchange rate, exchange rates, random walk, exchange rate volatility, standard deviation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper examines the behavior of the exchange rates of selected emerging market East Asian economies in the aftermath of the Asian crisis. The results suggest that movements in the Asia-5 currencies (Indonesia,...