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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018

Building a Shared Future

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017

Promoting Inclusive Growth

How to get global growth going again through trade, productivity, reducing inequality, and promoting women's economic empowerment.

The People's Republic of China
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for The People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for The People's Republic of China »

Volume/Issue: 2016/270

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524321.002

ISBN: 9781475524321

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights China's continued transition to sustainable growth, with progress on many fronts. Growth slowed to 6.9 percent in 2015 and is projected to moderate to 6.6 percent in 201...

The People's Republic of China
			: Selected Issues

The People's Republic of China : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/271

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524383.002

ISBN: 9781475524383

This Selected Issues paper reviews China's progress along various dimensions of rebalancing. External rebalancing has advanced well, while progress on internal rebalancing has been mixed-substantial on the supply s...

Middle East and Central Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519983.001

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

Accounting for Reserves

Accounting for Reserves »

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535761.001

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...

Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg
			: Do Trade Patterns Matter?

Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg : Do Trade Patterns Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502251.001

ISBN: 9781475502251

Keywords: Basket peg, hard peg, exchange rate volatility, WAEMU, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, trading partners, nominal effective exchange rate, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper assesses the role of trade patterns in shaping the volatility of the effective exchange rate under two alternative peg regimes: a hard peg to a single currency and a peg to a basket of currencies. I link...

Shifting Motives
			: Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's »

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933197.001

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

People's Republic of China
			: 2011 Article IV Consultation

People's Republic of China : 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/192

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463982416.002

ISBN: 9781463982416

Keywords: cost of capital, capital market, financial reform, financial system, financial liberalization, financial stability, interest rate liberalization, financial sector, bond, capital market development

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

People's Republic of China
			: Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues.

People's Republic of China : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues. »

Volume/Issue: 2011/193

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463930592.002

ISBN: 9781463930592

Keywords: commodity prices, cost of capital, supply chain, capital controls, real appreciation, world economy, commodity exporters, global trade, domestic demand, global capital flows

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia

Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2011/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri , Pau Rabanal , and Isabelle Mejean

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455218967.001

ISBN: 9781455218967

Keywords: Rebalancing, Intermediate Inputs, terms of trade, tradable goods, exchange rate, export prices, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

A reduction in the U.S. current account deficit vis-à-vis emerging Asia involves a shift in demand from U.S. to emerging Asia tradable goods and a change in international relative prices. This paper quantifies the...

Emerging Asia's Impact on Australian Growth
			: Some Insights From GEM

Emerging Asia's Impact on Australian Growth : Some Insights From GEM »

Volume/Issue: 2010/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benjamin Hunt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210695.001

ISBN: 9781455210695

Keywords: Emerging Asia, Productivity Growth, Rebalancing, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rates, tradable goods, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation, One

Over the last decade, GDP growth in emerging Asia was roughly twice as fast as average world growth. The IMF's Global Economy Model (GEM) is used to estimate the impact that emerging Asia's growth differential has...