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China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513544991.087

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

China's trade patterns are evolving. While it started in light manufacturing and the assembly of more sophisticated products as part of global supply chains, China is now moving up the value chain, 'onshoring' the...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

China has become the world’s largest trading nation and the center of the global supply chain. A negligible player in global trade just a few decades ago, China now accounts for more than 12 percent of world...

Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil: Policy Adjustment in Oil-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil: Policy Adjustment in Oil-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil : Policy Adjustment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Martin Sommer , Allan Auclair , Armand Fouejieu , Inutu Lukonga , Saad Quayyum , Amir Sadeghi , Gazi Shbaikat , Andrew Tiffin , and Bruno Versailles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781513520483

Keywords: Oil, Oil exporting countries, Oil exports, Oil prices, Oil producing countries, Oil product prices, Oil revenues, exporters, exchange rate, liquidity

This paper discusses the challenges posed by low oil prices in the MENA and CCA regions, the adjustment policies adopted so far, and remaining adjustment needs and future risks....

5. Conclusions and Next Steps

5. Conclusions and Next Steps »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, CCA ERs and ER regimes have come under pressure. This has reflected the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in Russia and China, depreciation of the Russian ruble, and a...

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513543031.087

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in R...

2. ER Policy Advice

2. ER Policy Advice »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

IMF ER Policy Advice and Rationale 7 IMF ER policy advice for CCA countries—both oil exporters and importers—has been to move toward gr...

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in R...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in R...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other com...

3. Impediments to Greater ER Flexibility

3. Impediments to Greater ER Flexibility »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Fear of Floating and Related Factors The challenge of adjusting to greater ER flexibility reflects several factors. These include: (1) the status of development of monetary policy in...