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China's Trade Flows
			: Changing Price Sensitivies and the Reform Process

China's Trade Flows : Changing Price Sensitivies and the Reform Process »

Volume/Issue: 1999/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anuradha Dayal-Gulati , and Valerie Cerra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841619.001

ISBN: 9781451841619

Keywords: Trade reform, Price elasticity, Econometric models, reer, export volumes, foreign trade, export prices, export subsidies

Over the past 20 years, the Chinese authorities have undertaken wide-ranging reforms of their exchange and trade systems that have steadily reduced the role of planning and increased the importance of market forces...

Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia

Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1998/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Stephens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451976403.001

ISBN: 9781451976403

Keywords: Export credit agencies, trade finance, South East Asian countries, export credit, exporters, international financial, international financial institutions

This paper looks at the causes of the reduction in trade finance in South East Asian countries post-1997, with a particular focus on the role of export credit agencies. It concludes that while such agencies did not...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351635.001

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

External Imbalances in the Euro Area

External Imbalances in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2012/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruo Chen , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524673.001

ISBN: 9781475524673

Keywords: euro area, external imbalances, financial integration, terms of trade shocks, trading partner, trading partners, trade shocks, commodity exporters, domestic demand, Institutions and the Macroeconomy

The paper examines the extent to which current account imbalances of euro area countries are related to intra-euro area factors and to external trade shocks. We argue that the traditional explanations for the risin...

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation
			: A Geo-Political Model

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation : A Geo-Political Model »

Volume/Issue: 2008/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868975.001

ISBN: 9781451868975

Keywords: Petroleum taxes, environmental externalities, Nash equilibrium, Stackelberg equilibrium, cap-and-trade schemes, exporter, exporters, petroleum consumption, carbon emissions,

We derive non-cooperative Nash equilibrium (NE) importer and exporter petroleum excise taxes given full within-group tax coordination, but no coordination between groups, assuming that importers do not produce and...

India's Growth Spillovers to South Asia

India's Growth Spillovers to South Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2012/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iyabo Masha , and Ding Ding

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937744.001

ISBN: 9781463937744

Keywords: growth linkages, world exports, share of world exports, exports of goods, trading partners, neighboring countries, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Growth of Open Economies, And South Asia,

This study investigates the role of India's economy in explaining the observed growth in South Asia, taking into consideration other sources of growth endogenous to the countries in the region. Since a review of ke...

Is China's Export-Oriented Growth Sustainable?

Is China's Export-Oriented Growth Sustainable? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kai Guo , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873191.001

ISBN: 9781451873191

Keywords: Export-oriented growth, rebalancing, export growth, world demand, net exports, export expansion, export industries,

This paper assesses the sustainability of China's export-oriented growth over the medium to longer term. It shows that maintaining the current export-oriented growth would require significant gains in market share...

Japan out of the Lost Decade
			: Divine Wind or Firms' Effort?

Japan out of the Lost Decade : Divine Wind or Firms' Effort? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , Kazuo Ogawa , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505191.001

ISBN: 9781475505191

Keywords: Lost Decade, Export, Price-Cost Margin, tfp, exporters, growth rate, export price, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

A surge of exports in the 2000s helped Japan exit the severe decade-long stagnation known as the lost decade. Using panel data of Japanese exporting firms, we examine the sources of the export surge during this per...

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage
			: Are there Growth Spillovers?

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage : Are there Growth Spillovers? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/267

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Issouf Samaké , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463924669.001

ISBN: 9781463924669

Keywords: low-income countries, BRICs, Global VAR, Structural VAR, exporters, commodity prices, oil exporters, commodity exporters, oil prices, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models

Trade and financial ties between low-income countries (LICs) and Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRICs) have expanded rapidly in recent years. This gives rise to the potential for growth to spill over from the la...

Measuring Competitiveness
			: Trade in Goods or Tasks?

Measuring Competitiveness : Trade in Goods or Tasks? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484325803.001

ISBN: 9781484325803

Keywords: Real Effective Exchange Rate, Global Supply Chains, reer, global supply, intermediate inputs, domestic production, gross exports, General,

With global supply chains, any value added or production task can be traded as part of goods. This means that competitiveness can be measured either in terms of “tasks” (Bems and Johnson, 2012), or go...