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Debt and Growth
			: Is There a Magic Threshold?

Debt and Growth : Is There a Magic Threshold? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Pescatori , Damiano Sandri , and John Simon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484306444.001

ISBN: 9781484306444

Keywords: growth, gdp growth, debt thresholds, debt ratio, growth rate, General,

Using a novel empirical approach and an extensive dataset developed by the Fiscal Affairs Department of the IMF, we find no evidence of any particular debt threshold above which medium-term growth prospects are dra...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335895.001

ISBN: 9781484335895

Keywords: Governance, China, Government expenditures, Revenues, Bond issues, Banks, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

The International Monetary System
			: Where Are We and Where Do We Need to Go?

The International Monetary System : Where Are We and Where Do We Need to Go? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/224

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , Michael Patra , and Muneesh Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475514148.001

ISBN: 9781475514148

Keywords: currency internationalization, capital inflows, capital account liberalization, net capital, net capital flows, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, International Institutional Arrangements,

The North Atlantic financial crisis of 2008-2009 has spurred renewed interest in reforming the international monetary system, which has been malfunctioning in many aspects. Large and volatile capital flows have pro...

Anchoring Growth
			: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616357290.006

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

Testing the Prebisch-Singer Hypothesis since 1650
			: Evidence from Panel Techniques that Allow for Multiple Breaks

Testing the Prebisch-Singer Hypothesis since 1650 : Evidence from Panel Techniques that Allow for Multiple Breaks »

Volume/Issue: 2013/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Kaddour Hadri , Prakash Loungani , and Yao Rao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484341155.001

ISBN: 9781484341155

Keywords: Primary, commodities, Unit, root tests, Multiple, Structural breaks, Volatility, commodity markets, price fluctuations, transport costs

In this paper, we re-examine two important aspects of the dynamics of relative primary commodity prices, namely the secular trend and the short run volatility. To do so, we employ 25 series, some of them starting a...

Global Rebalancing
			: A Roadmap for Economic Recovery

Global Rebalancing : A Roadmap for Economic Recovery »

Series: Books

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475573664.071

ISBN: 9781475573664

Keywords: current account, public debt, public finances, fiscal consolidation, financial sector

This book examines imbalances in seven major economies: China, France, Germany, India, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, evaluating key indicators agreed on by the G20 for identifying large imbalanc...

Benchmarking Structural Transformation Across the World

Benchmarking Structural Transformation Across the World »

Volume/Issue: 2013/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Alun Thomas , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , and Yingyuan Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484359662.001

ISBN: 9781484359662

Keywords: Structural Transformation, Quantile Regression, Panel Data, globalization, gdp per capita, real gdp, economic globalization, economic growth, General,

This paper documents stylized facts on the process of structural transformation around the world and empirically analyzes its determinants using data on real value added by sector of economic activity (agriculture,...

The Comovement in Commodity Prices
			: Sources and Implications

The Comovement in Commodity Prices : Sources and Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2013/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ron Alquist , and Olivier Coibion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378144.001

ISBN: 9781484378144

Keywords: comovement, factor models, factor analysis, global production, agricultural commodities, idiosyncratic shocks, International Business Cycles, comovement: factor models,

We present a simple macroeconomic model with a continuum of primary commodities used in the production of the final good, such that the real prices of commodities have a factor structure. One factor captures the co...

Asset Price Bubbles
			: A Selective Survey

Asset Price Bubbles : A Selective Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2013/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Scherbina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475515299.001

ISBN: 9781475515299

Keywords: Bubbles, Limits to Arbitrage, stock market, discount rate, mortgage, cash flows, financial economics, General,

Why do asset price bubbles continue to appear in various markets? This paper provides an overview of recent literature on bubbles, with significant attention given to behavioral models and rational models with fric...

Accounting for Reserves

Accounting for Reserves »

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535761.001

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...