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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018

Building a Shared Future

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017

Promoting Inclusive Growth

How to get global growth going again through trade, productivity, reducing inequality, and promoting women's economic empowerment.

Global Imbalances
			: The Role of Emerging Asia

Global Imbalances : The Role of Emerging Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2009/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Massimiliano Pisani , Pietro Cova , and Alessandro Rebucci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872118.001

ISBN: 9781451872118

Keywords: emerging Asia, trade deficit, non-tradable sector, exchange rate, tradable goods, intermediate goods, terms of trade, elasticity of substitution, Non-tradable Sector Non-tradable Sector,

This paper investigates the role played by emerging Asia in the emergence and evolution of the global trade imbalances. Based on simulations in a general equilibrium model of the world economy, we find that a produ...

Yen Bloc or Yuan Bloc
			: An Analysis of Currency Arrangements in East Asia

Yen Bloc or Yuan Bloc : An Analysis of Currency Arrangements in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2009/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871500.001

ISBN: 9781451871500

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, currency unions, trade effects, exchange rate, regional trade, bilateral trade,

This paper examines the role of Japan against that of China in the exchange rate regime in East Asia in light of growing interest in forming a currency union in the region. The analysis suggests that currency union...

Trade Sensitivity to Exchange Rates in the Context of Intra-Industry Trade

Trade Sensitivity to Exchange Rates in the Context of Intra-Industry Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2008/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yoko Oguro , Kyoji Fukao , and Yougesh Khatri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869934.001

ISBN: 9781451869934

Keywords: Intra-industry trade, exchange rate, industry trade, elasticity of substitution, exchange rate movements,

This paper theoretically and empirically investigates export sensitivity to exchange rates in the context of intra-industry trade (IIT). It is assumed that more IIT implies a smaller elasticity of substitution amon...

The Shifting Structure of China's Trade and Production

The Shifting Structure of China's Trade and Production »

Volume/Issue: 2007/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Li Cui , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867787.001

ISBN: 9781451867787

Keywords: Value added, processing trade, exchange rate, domestic demand, domestic production, trade structure, trade flows,

This paper uses disaggregated trade data to assess how the expansion of China's production capacity and its changing production structure may be affecting its trade linkages with other countries. It finds that Chin...

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2007/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867305.001

ISBN: 9781451867305

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, exchange rate, bilateral trade, currency unions, trade costs, exchange rate policies,

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, new interest has emerged in the formation of a common currency area in East Asia. This paper provides estimates of trade and welfare effects of East Asian currency unions, usin...

Estimating China's "Equilibrium" Real Exchange Rate

Estimating China's "Equilibrium" Real Exchange Rate »

Volume/Issue: 2005/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiangming Li , and Steven Dunaway

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862218.001

ISBN: 9781451862218

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, current account balance, trade model, balance of payments

The number of studies attempting to estimate the "equilibrium" real value of China's currency has proliferated in recent years as the country's presence in world markets has grown. These studies have sought to esta...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861181.001

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

China
			: Sources of Real Exchange Rate Fluctuations

China : Sources of Real Exchange Rate Fluctuations »

Volume/Issue: 2004/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843675.001

ISBN: 9781451843675

Keywords: real exchange rate, structural VAR, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, exchange rate fluctuations, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

This paper reviews the evolution of China's real effective exchange rate between 1980 and 2002, and uses a structural vector autoregression model to study the relative importance of different types of macroeconomic...

Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia

Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2003/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nephil Maskay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875812.001

ISBN: 9781451875812

Keywords: shocks, regional monetary cooperation, exchange rate, economic integration, exchange rates, output growth, exchange rate policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

The member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation have set as a target the achievement of an economic union by 2020. Reaching this goal will require greater levels of monetary cooperation. H...

World Economic Outlook, September 2003
			: Public Debt in Emerging Markets

World Economic Outlook, September 2003 : Public Debt in Emerging Markets »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062832.081

ISBN: 9781589062832

Keywords: debt, public debt, exchange rate, external debt, interest

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an...