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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

5 Agendas for the Bretton Woods Institutions

5 Agendas for the Bretton Woods Institutions »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Introduction Abdlatif Y. Al-Hamad remarked that, as an observer and practitioner in the field of development for more than 30 years, he wondered whether the agenda fo...

Aging in the Asian Tiger Economies

Aging in the Asian Tiger Economies »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1998

Volume/Issue: 35/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451952780

Keywords: global capital flows, trade liberalization, capital markets, balance of payments, capital inflows

Since it began operations in 1946, the IMF has steadily evolved in response to changes in the world economy. What steps is it taking to meet the new challenges posed by the Asian crisis?...

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' »

Source: Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' : Challenges for Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 1997/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451856309

Keywords: aging, Asia, demographics, health, medical care, pension, medical insurance, labor force, pension schemes

The paper assesses the government expenditure effects from changing demographics in the Asian “Tiger” economies through 2050. With some exceptions, their limited social insurance commitments initially...

Agricultural Development Banks Close Them or Reform Them?

Agricultural Development Banks Close Them or Reform Them? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2000

Volume/Issue: 37/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451952827

Keywords: anticorruption, systemic corruption, anticorruption efforts, anticorruption measures, fight against corruption

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Agricultural Diversification in Asia: Should some countries shift out of rice?

Agricultural Diversification in Asia: Should some countries shift out of rice? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1988

ISBN: 9781616353735

Keywords: debt, finance, indebted countries, monetary fund, creditors, Finances And Development,

This paper presents the views of Michel Camdessus, Managing Director of the IMF, on how the IMF can face new challenges. Camdessus believes that the key responsibility for resolving debt difficulties lies with the...

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China

Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China »

Source: Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries and China

Volume/Issue: 1995/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451971248

Keywords: China, Sub-Saharan Africa, crops, agricultural growth, agricultural land, food production, agricultural products

Agriculture remains the dominant sector in the economies of most Sub-Saharan African countries. However, the experience of agricultural growth in the region stands in sharp contrast to the robust performance of agr...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia: Identifying hurdles to intra-regional trade

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia: Identifying hurdles to intra-regional trade »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

Ahluwalia to be director of IMF Evaluation Office

Ahluwalia to be director of IMF Evaluation Office »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 30, Issue 09

Volume/Issue: 30/9

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451932478

Keywords: monetary policy, financial markets, member countries, international monetary fund, financial system

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Aid and Growth

Aid and Growth »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2005

Volume/Issue: 42/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451953985

Keywords: monetary fund, website, inflation, press, facsimile

This paper explores why increased aid flows require economic policymakers to confront some specific issues. Ensuring that increased aid promotes growth and reduces poverty is certainly the most important task. Empi...