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Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union »

Volume/Issue: 2000/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hershel Grossman , and Dmitry Gershenson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874341.001

ISBN: 9781451874341

Keywords: Cooption, Repression, Soviet Union, Communist Party, Nomenklatura, party membership, united nations, political repression, political power

The Soviet ruling elite, the nomenklatura, used both cooption and political repression to encourage loyalty to the communist regime. Loyalty was critical both in defusing internal opposition to the rule of the nome...

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1994/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852202.001

ISBN: 9781451852202

Keywords: civil servants, public choice, free press, public interest

Paper discusses the factors that contribute to the spread of corruption as well as the implications of corruption for markets and for public sector activities. It is argued that corruption can be contained mainly b...

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2005/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig , and Abdul Abiad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861259.001

ISBN: 9781451861259

Keywords: fiscal effort, institutional variables, democratic accountability, fiscal adjustment, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

Using a panel dataset of 34 emerging market countries for the period 1990-2002, we examine the roles of various economic, political, and institutional variables in determining fiscal effort, as proxied by the prima...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment »

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852110.001

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

Interview with Stefan Ingves: Evolving Financial Sector Broadens Role of Monetary and Exchange Affairs Department Ingves Stresses Need for Effective Standards

Interview with Stefan Ingves: Evolving Financial Sector Broadens Role of Monetary and Exchange Affairs Department Ingves Stresses Need for Effective Standards »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 04

Volume/Issue: 28/4

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451935660

Keywords: transition economies, structural reforms, transition countries, corruption, market economy, Conference on Transition,

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Letters to the editor

Letters to the editor »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2000

Volume/Issue: 37/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451952827

Keywords: anticorruption, systemic corruption, anticorruption efforts, anticorruption measures, fight against corruption

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Making Anticorruption Agencies More Effective

Making Anticorruption Agencies More Effective »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2000

Volume/Issue: 37/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451952827

Keywords: anticorruption, systemic corruption, anticorruption efforts, anticorruption measures, fight against corruption

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Making the Grade: Revamping what and how young people learn is the best way to help them and their home countries succeed

Making the Grade: Revamping what and how young people learn is the best way to help them and their home countries succeed »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2012

Volume/Issue: 49/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2012

ISBN: 9781451922141

Keywords: young people, world economy, monetary union, current account deficit, national security

Young people, hardest hit by the global economic downturn, are speaking out and demanding change. F&D looks at the need to urgently address the challenges facing youth and create opportunities for them. Harvard pro...

Members’ Use of IMF Credit

Members’ Use of IMF Credit »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 04

Volume/Issue: 28/4

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451935660

Keywords: transition economies, structural reforms, transition countries, corruption, market economy, Conference on Transition,

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...