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Global Imbalances
			: The Role of Emerging Asia

Global Imbalances : The Role of Emerging Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2009/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Massimiliano Pisani , Pietro Cova , and Alessandro Rebucci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872118.001

ISBN: 9781451872118

Keywords: emerging Asia, trade deficit, non-tradable sector, exchange rate, tradable goods, intermediate goods, terms of trade, elasticity of substitution, Non-tradable Sector Non-tradable Sector,

This paper investigates the role played by emerging Asia in the emergence and evolution of the global trade imbalances. Based on simulations in a general equilibrium model of the world economy, we find that a produ...

Market-Oriented Reform of Foreign Trade in Planned Economies

Market-Oriented Reform of Foreign Trade in Planned Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1990/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981131.001

ISBN: 9781451981131

Keywords: foreign trade, exchange rate, foreign exchange, domestic prices, exchange rate system

This paper reviews the main features of market-oriented foreign trade reforms in planned economies. It considers reform initiatives aimed at expanding enterprise autonomy and breaking up the state monopoly of forei...

Middle East and Central Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519983.001

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861181.001

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia

Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2003/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nephil Maskay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875812.001

ISBN: 9781451875812

Keywords: shocks, regional monetary cooperation, exchange rate, economic integration, exchange rates, output growth, exchange rate policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

The member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation have set as a target the achievement of an economic union by 2020. Reaching this goal will require greater levels of monetary cooperation. H...

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2007/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867305.001

ISBN: 9781451867305

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, exchange rate, bilateral trade, currency unions, trade costs, exchange rate policies,

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, new interest has emerged in the formation of a common currency area in East Asia. This paper provides estimates of trade and welfare effects of East Asian currency unions, usin...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856347.001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

Shifting Motives
			: Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's »

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933197.001

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2001/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gonzalo Pastor , and Tatiana Damjanovic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858341.001

ISBN: 9781451858341

Keywords: Russian financial crisis, external debt issues, exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, external debt, exchange rate flexibility, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Kyrgyzstan,

This paper reviews the economic conditions in central Asia at the time of the Russian financial crisis of August 1998; the channels by which the crisis was transmitted to the central Asian region; and the policy re...

The Shifting Structure of China's Trade and Production

The Shifting Structure of China's Trade and Production »

Volume/Issue: 2007/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Li Cui , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867787.001

ISBN: 9781451867787

Keywords: Value added, processing trade, exchange rate, domestic demand, domestic production, trade structure, trade flows,

This paper uses disaggregated trade data to assess how the expansion of China's production capacity and its changing production structure may be affecting its trade linkages with other countries. It finds that Chin...