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  • Books and Analytical Papers x
Global Relative Poverty

Global Relative Poverty »

Volume/Issue: 2009/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lynge Nielsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872408.001

ISBN: 9781451872408

Keywords: Relative poverty, global income inequality, poverty line, poverty analysis, official poverty,

The paper provides estimates of global relative poverty trends from 1970 onwards. Relative poverty is shown to have decreased significantly, but at the same time there has been a worsening poverty outcome among up...

Global Imbalances
			: The Role of Emerging Asia

Global Imbalances : The Role of Emerging Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2009/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Massimiliano Pisani , Pietro Cova , and Alessandro Rebucci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872118.001

ISBN: 9781451872118

Keywords: emerging Asia, trade deficit, non-tradable sector, exchange rate, tradable goods, intermediate goods, terms of trade, elasticity of substitution, Non-tradable Sector Non-tradable Sector,

This paper investigates the role played by emerging Asia in the emergence and evolution of the global trade imbalances. Based on simulations in a general equilibrium model of the world economy, we find that a produ...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870114.001

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Global Business Cycles
			: Convergence or Decoupling?

Global Business Cycles : Convergence or Decoupling? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayhan Kose , Eswar Prasad , and Christopher Otrok

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870015.001

ISBN: 9781451870015

Keywords: macroeconomic fluctuations, convergence, decoupling, business cycle, globalization period, business cycle fluctuations,

This paper analyzes the evolution of the degree of global cyclical interdependence over the period 1960-2005. We categorize the 106 countries in our sample into three groups-industrial countries, emerging markets,...

Trade Openness and Volatility

Trade Openness and Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2008/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , and Julian Di Giovanni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870046.001

ISBN: 9781451870046

Keywords: Output Volatility, Specialization, Comovement, Sector-Level Data, trade openness, aggregate volatility, correlation, equation, output growth,

This paper examines the mechanisms through which output volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel dataset of manufacturing production and trade. The main results are threefold. First, se...

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation
			: A Geo-Political Model

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation : A Geo-Political Model »

Volume/Issue: 2008/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868975.001

ISBN: 9781451868975

Keywords: Petroleum taxes, environmental externalities, Nash equilibrium, Stackelberg equilibrium, cap-and-trade schemes, exporter, exporters, petroleum consumption, carbon emissions,

We derive non-cooperative Nash equilibrium (NE) importer and exporter petroleum excise taxes given full within-group tax coordination, but no coordination between groups, assuming that importers do not produce and...

Tax Rate Cuts and Tax Compliance-The Laffer Curve Revisited

Tax Rate Cuts and Tax Compliance-The Laffer Curve Revisited »

Volume/Issue: 2008/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamás Papp , and Elöd Takáts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868692.001

ISBN: 9781451868692

Keywords: tax evasion, Laffer curve, tax authority, tax rate cuts,

The paper shows how tax rate cuts can increase revenues by improving tax compliance. The intuition is that tax evasion has externalities: tax evaders protect each other, because they tie down limited enforcement ca...

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights »

Volume/Issue: 2007/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stanley Watt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867251.001

ISBN: 9781451867251

Keywords: Firm Heterogeneity, Intellectual Property Rights, r &;amp; d, standard errors, equation, outlier, probability,

In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation of proprietary technology by domestic firms has become a deterrent for foreign investment. Different multinationals may view this deterrent dif...

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows
			: How Does Asia Compare?

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows : How Does Asia Compare? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pipat Luengnaruemitchai , and Barry Eichengreen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864984.001

ISBN: 9781451864984

Keywords: cross-border investment, gravity model, bond, bonds, bond transactions, bond returns, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

We use data on the extent to which residents of one country hold the bonds of issuers resident in another as a measure of financial integration or interrelatedness, asking how Asia compares with Europe and Latin Am...

Financial Globalization
			: A Reappraisal

Financial Globalization : A Reappraisal »

Volume/Issue: 2006/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayhan Kose , Eswar Prasad , Kenneth Rogoff , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864496.001

ISBN: 9781451864496

Keywords: Growth and Volatility, Financial Crises, capital flows, financial globalization, International Economic Order, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

The literature on the benefits and costs of financial globalization for developing countries has exploded in recent years, but along many disparate channels and with a variety of apparently conflicting results. For...