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Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922882.001

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...

What Drives Credit Growth in Emerging Asia?

What Drives Credit Growth in Emerging Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fei Han , and Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463936440.001

ISBN: 9781463936440

Keywords: rapid credit growth, emerging Asia, SVAR, Bayesian estimation, sign restrictions, aggregate demand, domestic monetary policy, inflation, financial stability, What Drives Credit Growth in Emerging Asia?

This paper seeks to uncover the main drivers of credit growth in emerging Asia using a multi-country structural vector autoregressive (SVAR) model. Taking a novel approach, we developed a two-block SVAR whereby sho...

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552607.001

ISBN: 9781475552607

Keywords: Cambodia, Cambodia, China, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Emerging markets, Economic integration, Economic growth, Philippines, Indonesia

This paper looks at the effects of a China slowdown on Emerging Market Economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand) and Frontier Developing Economies (Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., and Vietnam) in ASEAN. The main finding...

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2004/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aart Kraay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846676.001

ISBN: 9781451846676

Keywords: growth, pro-poor growth, changes in poverty, pro-poor, distributional change, poverty line, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Growth is pro-poor if the poverty measure of interest falls. This implies three potential sources of pro-poor growth: (a) a high rate of growth of average incomes; (b) a high sensitivity of poverty to growth in ave...

Why Was Asia Resilient? Lessons from the Past and for the Future

Why Was Asia Resilient? Lessons from the Past and for the Future »

Volume/Issue: 2014/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phakawa Jeasakul , Cheng Lim , and Erik Lundback

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475540284.001

ISBN: 9781475540284

Keywords: Global financial crisis, resilience, financial and external vulnerabilities, banking, banking crisis, banking system, bank capital, loan classification, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Asia including Middle East,

Asia proved to be remarkably resilient in the face of the global financial crisis, but why was its output performance stronger than that of other regions? The paper shows that better initial conditions-in the form...

Consensus Forecasts and Inefficient Information Aggregation

Consensus Forecasts and Inefficient Information Aggregation »

Volume/Issue: 2010/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201891.001

ISBN: 9781455201891

Keywords: Consensus Forecasts, Information Aggregation, Forecast Efficiency, efficiency, forecast horizons, forecast errors, forecast horizon, forecast error, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, General Aggregative Models: Forecasting and Simulation,

Consensus forecasts are inefficient, over-weighting older information already in the public domain at the expense of new private information, when individual forecasters have different information sets. Using a cro...

The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth

The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2000/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852752.001

ISBN: 9781451852752

Keywords: Growth, labor reallocation, labor efficiency, labor productivity, labor force, labor share

This study seeks to explain economic growth differences in an aggregate production function framework, where labor reallocation from agriculture to modern sectors influences labor efficiency growth. The econometric...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa
			: Benchmarking the Constraints

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints »

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866162.001

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth

The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth »

Source: The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2000/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451852752

Keywords: Growth, labor reallocation, labor efficiency, labor productivity, labor force, labor share

This study seeks to explain economic growth differences in an aggregate production function framework, where labor reallocation from agriculture to modern sectors influences labor efficiency growth. The econometric...

Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs

Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs »

Source: Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs

Volume/Issue: 2004/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Sole

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451850789

Keywords: bond, central bank, bonds, domestic currency, interest rate policy, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper studies a policy often used to defend a currency peg: raising short-term interest rates. The rationale for this policy is to stem demand for foreign reserves. Yet, this mechanism is absent from most mone...