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Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States?

Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello , Ezequiel Cabezon , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339190.001

ISBN: 9781484339190

Keywords: micro states, Pacific islands, growth, volatility, terms of trade, trade openness, current account balance, external shocks, trade deficits, Open Economy Macroeconomics

The small states of the Asia and Pacific region face unique challenges in raising their growth potential and living standards relative to other small states due to their small populations, geographical isolation an...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351635.001

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

Measuring Competitiveness
			: Trade in Goods or Tasks?

Measuring Competitiveness : Trade in Goods or Tasks? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484325803.001

ISBN: 9781484325803

Keywords: Real Effective Exchange Rate, Global Supply Chains, reer, global supply, intermediate inputs, domestic production, gross exports, General,

With global supply chains, any value added or production task can be traded as part of goods. This means that competitiveness can be measured either in terms of “tasks” (Bems and Johnson, 2012), or go...

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap »

Volume/Issue: 2013/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Romain Duval , Damien Puy , Yiqun Wu , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484330647.001

ISBN: 9781484330647

Keywords: growth, slowdown, middle income trap, Bayesian Model Averaging, per capita income, export diversification, gdp per capita, trade openness, growth rates, Bayesian Analysis

The “middle-income trap” is the phenomenon of hitherto rapidly growing economies stagnating at middle-income levels and failing to graduate into the ranks of high-income countries. In this study we ex...

Accounting for Reserves

Accounting for Reserves »

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535761.001

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...

The Rising Resilience of Emerging Market and Developing Economies

The Rising Resilience of Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2012/300

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , John Bluedorn , Jaime Guajardo , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475584851.001

ISBN: 9781475584851

Keywords: low-income countries, growth, expansion, recovery, inflation, external shocks, domestic shocks, trade openness, low inflation, General

Economic performance in many emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs) improved substantially over the past twenty years. The past decade was particularly good-for the first time EMDEs spent more time in exp...

External Imbalances in the Euro Area

External Imbalances in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2012/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruo Chen , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524673.001

ISBN: 9781475524673

Keywords: euro area, external imbalances, financial integration, terms of trade shocks, trading partner, trading partners, trade shocks, commodity exporters, domestic demand, Institutions and the Macroeconomy

The paper examines the extent to which current account imbalances of euro area countries are related to intra-euro area factors and to external trade shocks. We argue that the traditional explanations for the risin...

Determinants of Growth Spells
			: Is Africa Different?

Determinants of Growth Spells : Is Africa Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510225.001

ISBN: 9781475510225

Keywords: International Growth, survival analysis, robustness, Bayesian Model Averaging, terms of trade, inflation, trade growth, per capita income, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General

Do growth spells in Africa end because of bad realizations of the same factors that influence growth spells in the rest of the world, or because of different factors altogether? To answer this question, we examine...

The Trade Impact of China on EMU
			: Is It Even Across Members?

The Trade Impact of China on EMU : Is It Even Across Members? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Esther Perez Ruiz , and Uffe Mikkelsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510287.001

ISBN: 9781475510287

Keywords: sectoral specialization, competitiveness, trade barriers, transport equipment, trade deficits, trade flows, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity,

This paper investigates the asymmetries in trade spillovers from sector-specific technology shocks in China to selected euro area countries. We use a Ricardian-gravity trade model to estimate sectoral competitivene...

People's Republic of China
			: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation

People's Republic of China : Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/195

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505467.002

ISBN: 9781475505467

Keywords: current account, current account surplus, external debt, current account balance, public sector debt

China's economy has been moderate in 2012, with a GDP growth of about 8 percent. Macroeconomic policies helped to maintain sustainable growth and continued to be adjusted in line with evolving conditions. The 2012...