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The Impact of Tradeon Wages
			: What If Countries Are Not Small?

The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864151.001

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

Does Inflation in China Affect the United States and Japan?

Does Inflation in China Affect the United States and Japan? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luke Willard , and Tarhan Feyzioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862966.001

ISBN: 9781451862966

Keywords: inflation rates, price inflation, monetary fund, price level, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

With China's share in global trade increasing rapidly, some argued in 2002-03 that China was exporting deflation to other countries as it was dumping cheap goods in mature markets. Later, others argued that China w...

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861686.001

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2005/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig , and Abdul Abiad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861259.001

ISBN: 9781451861259

Keywords: fiscal effort, institutional variables, democratic accountability, fiscal adjustment, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

Using a panel dataset of 34 emerging market countries for the period 1990-2002, we examine the roles of various economic, political, and institutional variables in determining fiscal effort, as proxied by the prima...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861181.001

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration

The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration »

Volume/Issue: 2004/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849622.001

ISBN: 9781451849622

Keywords: international financial integration, growth, capital scarcity, neoclassical model, financial integration, international financial, capital inflows, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Standard theoretical arguments tell us that countries with relatively little capital benefit from financial integration as foreign capital flows in and speeds up the process of income convergence. We show in a cali...

How Much Do Trading Partners Matter for Economic Growth?

How Much Do Trading Partners Matter for Economic Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844412.001

ISBN: 9781451844412

Keywords: trading partners, trading partner, trade share, open economies, partner countries, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper empirically examines the extent to which a country's economic growth is influenced by its trading partner economies. Panel estimation results based on four decades of data for over 100 countries show tha...

Mauritius
			: Unemployment and the Role of Institutions

Mauritius : Unemployment and the Role of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Yao , and Calvin McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874860.001

ISBN: 9781451874860

Keywords: institutions, wage, skilled labor, employment, labor demand, labor market, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence

Despite strong economic growth, a "U"-curve unemployment phenomenon in Mauritius can be observed. Unemployment plunged from 21 percent to less than 4 percent between the early 1980s and the early 1990s, but this tr...

Does Insider Trading Raise Market Volatility?

Does Insider Trading Raise Market Volatility? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Julan Du

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847130.001

ISBN: 9781451847130

Keywords: insider trading, market volatility, stock market, market returns, inflation rate, stock exchange, General Financial Markets,

This paper studies the role of insider trading in explaining cross-country differences in stock market volatility. The central finding is that countries with more prevalent insider trading have more volatile stock...

Trade, Growth, and Poverty
			: A Selective Survey

Trade, Growth, and Poverty : A Selective Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2003/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , and Anne Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844931.001

ISBN: 9781451844931

Keywords: growth, trade protection, openness, trade liberalization, tariff rates, trade openness, average tariff, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This survey of the recent literature asks: how important is trade policy for poverty reduction? We consider the effects of openness on poverty in two components: the effect of openness on average income growth, and...