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People's Republic of China-Macao Special Administrative Region
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

People's Republic of China-Macao Special Administrative Region : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/50

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475578867.002

ISBN: 9781475578867

Keywords: Macao Special Administrative Region of China, Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the real output for Macao Special Administrative Region (SAR) is expected to contract for a third consecutive year in 2016. However, external demand has begun to re...

Collect More, Spend Better
			: Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets

Collect More, Spend Better : Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Ricardo Marto , Jiri Jonas , and Kaitlyn Douglass

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570892.001

ISBN: 9781475570892

Keywords: Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Tax collection, Vietnam, Capital expenditure, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Emerging markets, Cambodia, Debt sustainability

We use a dynamic small open economy model to explore the macroeconomic impact of alternative public investment scaling-up scenarios, analyzing how improving the efficiency of capital spending and of tax revenue col...

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/11

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566031.002

ISBN: 9781475566031

Keywords: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that with a soft global trade environment and a downturn in tourism arrivals from Mainland China, the growth rate of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is expected...

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
			: Selected Issues

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566062.002

ISBN: 9781475566062

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Banks, Current account, Credit risk, External sector, Hong Kong SAR, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, Wage adjustments, Price adjustments, Nonbank financial sector

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) banks' exposure to nonbanking businesses in Mainland China. Hong Kong SAR banks are generally less exposed to riskier Mainland busin...

China's Rising IQ (Innovation Quotient) and Growth
			: Firm-level Evidence

China's Rising IQ (Innovation Quotient) and Growth : Firm-level Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2016/249

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui He , Nan Li , and Jing Fang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563139.001

ISBN: 9781475563139

Keywords: Business enterprises, Productivity, China, Asia and Pacific, Technological innovation, Public corporations, Innovation, Growth, Patent, R&;D

This paper examines whether the rapid growing firm patenting activity in China is associated with real economic outcome by building a unique dataset uniting detailed firm balance sheet information with firm patent...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560336.001

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

A Tale of Transition
			: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009

A Tale of Transition : An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009 »

Volume/Issue: 2016/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Haiyan Ding , and Hui He

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560008.001

ISBN: 9781475560008

Keywords: Time series, China, People's Republic of, Consumption distribution, Transition economies, Income distribution, China, Asia and Pacific, Household expenditures, Household survey data, Income inequality

This paper is the first comprehensive empirical study of earnings, income, and consumption inequality in urban China from 1986 to 2009, using unique micro-level data from the Urban Household Survey (UHS). The paper...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity
			: Crossing the Tipping Point

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point »

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558142.001

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Quantifying the Spillovers from China Rebalancing Using a Multi-Sector Ricardian Trade Model

Quantifying the Spillovers from China Rebalancing Using a Multi-Sector Ricardian Trade Model »

Volume/Issue: 2016/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475553741.001

ISBN: 9781475553741

Keywords: Consumption, China, Demand, International trade, Trade models, Spillovers, Spillovers, Transition economies, Economic sectors, China rebalancing

This paper assesses the spillovers from different facets of China rebalancing using a calibrated Ricardian trade model that includes 41 economies, each consisting of 34 sectors. We find that China's move up the val...

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552607.001

ISBN: 9781475552607

Keywords: Cambodia, Cambodia, China, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Emerging markets, Economic integration, Economic growth, Philippines, Indonesia

This paper looks at the effects of a China slowdown on Emerging Market Economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand) and Frontier Developing Economies (Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., and Vietnam) in ASEAN. The main finding...