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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Finance & Development, December 2005

Finance & Development, December 2005 »

Volume/Issue: 42/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954050.022

ISBN: 9781451954050

Keywords: remittances, photography, facsimile, development impact of remittances, impact of remittances

This paper reviews the resurgence of Latin America. The paper highlights that much of the region has witnessed a swift and robust recovery from the successive financial crises of 2001-02. Within two years, the regi...

Finance & Development, December 1972

Finance & Development, December 1972 »

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353100.022

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

Financial Crisis, US Unconventional Monetary Policy and International Spillovers1

Financial Crisis, US Unconventional Monetary Policy and International Spillovers1 »

Source: Financial Crisis, US Unconventional Monetary Policy and International Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2015/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Qianying Chen , Andrew Filardo , Dong He , and Feng Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475520668

Keywords: emerging economies, global VAR, international monetary policy spillovers, quantitative easing, unconventional monetary policy, federal reserve, securities, reserve, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets

We study the impact of the US quantitative easing (QE) on both the emerging and advanced economies, estimating a global vector error-correction model (GVECM) and conducting counterfactual analyses. We focus on the...

Financial Spillovers to Emerging Markets During the Global Financial Crisis

Financial Spillovers to Emerging Markets During the Global Financial Crisis »

Source: Financial Spillovers to Emerging Markets During the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nathaniel Frank , and Heiko Hesse

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872514

Keywords: Subprime Crisis, Solvency, GARCH, bond, stock market, financial institutions,

In this paper potential financial linkages between liquidity and bank solvency measures in advanced economies and emerging market (EM) bond and stock markets are analyzedduring the latest crisis. A multivariate GAR...

Financing Infrastructure in India

Financing Infrastructure in India »

Source: Financing Infrastructure in India : Macroeconomic Lessons and Emerging Market Case Studies

Volume/Issue: 2011/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Walsh , Jiangyan Yu , and Chanho Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462310296

Keywords: infrastructure financing, growth, capital market, bonds, investors, bond, bond market, stock market,

Driving infrastructure development, notably mobilizing financial resources for infrastructure projects, has been challenging in many countries. This study includes two parts: an empirical analysis of macroeconomic...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate

Volume/Issue: 2012/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santanu Chatterjee , and Azer Mursagulov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937133

Keywords: real exchange rate, intersectoral adjustment costs, exchange rate, government spending, government spending shocks, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Government spending on infrastructure has recently increased sharply in many emerging-market economies. This paper examines the mechanism through which public infrastructure spending affects the dynamics of the rea...

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries »

Source: Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200825

Keywords: credibility, effectiveness, cyclicality, fiscal impulse, exchange rate, fiscal expansion, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Across a sample of thirty four emerging countries, the evidence shows the frequent existence of a pro-cyclical fiscal impulse. However, the scope for countercyclical policy increases with the availability of intern...

From: The Editor

From: The Editor »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2005

Volume/Issue: 42/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451954050

Keywords: remittances, photography, facsimile, development impact of remittances, impact of remittances

This paper reviews the resurgence of Latin America. The paper highlights that much of the region has witnessed a swift and robust recovery from the successive financial crises of 2001-02. Within two years, the regi...

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments : What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857528

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, probability, statistics, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have...