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Measuring Competitiveness
			: Trade in Goods or Tasks?

Measuring Competitiveness : Trade in Goods or Tasks? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484325803.001

ISBN: 9781484325803

Keywords: Real Effective Exchange Rate, Global Supply Chains, reer, global supply, intermediate inputs, domestic production, gross exports, General,

With global supply chains, any value added or production task can be traded as part of goods. This means that competitiveness can be measured either in terms of “tasks” (Bems and Johnson, 2012), or go...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861181.001

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

North-South RandD Spillovers

North-South RandD Spillovers »

Volume/Issue: 1994/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elhanan Helpman , David Coe , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856385.001

ISBN: 9781451856385

Keywords: r &;amp; d, foreign r &;amp; d, industrial countries, total factor productivity

We examine the extent to which developing countries that do little, if any, research and development themselves benefit from R&D that is performed in the industrial countries. By trading with an industrial c...

Open Regionalism in a World of Continental Trade Blocs

Open Regionalism in a World of Continental Trade Blocs »

Volume/Issue: 1998/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jeffrey Frankel , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842661.001

ISBN: 9781451842661

Keywords: trade blocs, open regionalism, regionalism, external liberalization, regional integration

Continental trade blocs are emerging in many parts of the world almost in tandem. If trade blocs are required to satisfy the McMillan criterion of not lowering trade volume with outside countries, they have to enga...

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861686.001

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2007/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867305.001

ISBN: 9781451867305

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, exchange rate, bilateral trade, currency unions, trade costs, exchange rate policies,

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, new interest has emerged in the formation of a common currency area in East Asia. This paper provides estimates of trade and welfare effects of East Asian currency unions, usin...

Stock Market Liberalizations
			: Financial and Macroeconomic Implications

Stock Market Liberalizations : Financial and Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2001/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , and Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859812.001

ISBN: 9781451859812

Keywords: financial liberalization, regulation, stock market, stock market liberalization, credit rating, stock market liberalizations, General Financial Markets,

Using a panel of 27 countries, we analyze the effects of stock market liberalization on financial and macroeconomic development. We find that liberalization is associated with a short-term increase in real private...

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy
			: A Historical Perspective

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy : A Historical Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 1997/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451943450.001

ISBN: 9781451943450

Keywords: public sector, industrial countries, public spending, public finance, public interest

This paper discusses the role of the state from a historical perspective. It outlines how that role has changed over the past hundred years and discusses the forces that have promoted the changes. In the period bet...

The Economic Reform Process in Russia

The Economic Reform Process in Russia »

Volume/Issue: 1993/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Henri Lorie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847574.001

ISBN: 9781451847574

Keywords: price liberalization, privatization, enterprise reform, balance of payments, enterprise sector

Although various factors point to a more arduous and longer transition in Russia than in Eastern Europe, the broad policy approach should be similar. A necessary condition for effective macroeconomic stabilization...

Exchange Rate Movements and Tradable Goods Prices in East Asia
			: An Analysis Based on Japanese Customs Data, 1988-98

Exchange Rate Movements and Tradable Goods Prices in East Asia : An Analysis Based on Japanese Customs Data, 1988-98 »

Volume/Issue: 1999/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yushi Yoshida , and Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845006.001

ISBN: 9781451845006

Keywords: Exchange rate, tradable goods, pass-through, exporters, export prices, export pricing, exchange rates

The paper uses a dynamic panel data model to estimate the pass-through coefficients of 20 nine-digit industrial commodities that are traded between Japan and its East Asian trading partners to investigate the respo...