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Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. Nowak , Ketil Hviding , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859645.001

ISBN: 9781451859645

Keywords: Foreign exchange volatility, reserve adequacy, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, effective exchange rate, exchange rate regime, real effective exchange rate, International Finance: General,

This paper studies the role of an increase in foreign exchange reserves in reducing currency volatility for emerging market countries. The study employs a panel of 28 countries over the period 1986-2002. Several co...

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Ernesto Crivelli , and Joël Toujas-Bernate

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505689.001

ISBN: 9781475505689

Keywords: employment elasticities, structural policies, reforms, labor market, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other, Mobility

The aim of this paper is to provide new estimates of employment-output elasticities and assess the effect of structural and macroeocnomic policies on the employment-intensity of growth. Using an unbalanced panel of...

Can the Neoclassical Model Explain the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment Across Developing Countries?

Can the Neoclassical Model Explain the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment Across Developing Countries? »

Volume/Issue: 1998/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Harm Zebregs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929607.001

ISBN: 9781451929607

Keywords: Foreign Investment, Neoclassical Theory, fdi, marginal products, marginal product, foreign capital, direct investment

Since the beginning of the 1990s, foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing countries has increased dramatically. The distribution of FDI flows across these countries, however, is highly uneven; only a small nu...

Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality

Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2015/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513531083.001

ISBN: 9781513531083

Keywords: Inequality, Capital Account Openness, Crises, Institutions, capital account, liberalization, capital account liberalization, standard deviations, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, All Countries

This paper examines the distributional impact of capital account liberalization. Using panel data for 149 countries from 1970 to 2010, we find that, on average, capital account liberalization reforms increase inequ...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868708.001

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings
			: The Recent Experience of Emerging Markets and Advanced Economies

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings : The Recent Experience of Emerging Markets and Advanced Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2007/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sunil Sharma , Woon Choi , and Maria Strömqvist

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867152.001

ISBN: 9781451867152

Keywords: sovereign liquidity, stockpiling motive, panel data, net capital flows, net capital, capital markets,

This paper examines the interaction between capital flows and international reserve holdings in the context of increasing financial integration. For emerging markets the sensitivity of reserves to net capital flows...

Capital Flows, Financial Intermediation and Macroprudential Policies

Capital Flows, Financial Intermediation and Macroprudential Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matteo Ghilardi , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498365659.001

ISBN: 9781498365659

Keywords: Financial Frictions, capital inflows, banking, bank capital, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper develops an open-economy DSGE model with an optimizing banking sector to assess the role of capital flows, macro-financial linkages, and macroprudential policies in emerging Asia. The key result is that...

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems »

Volume/Issue: 2015/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Deniz Igan , and Zhibo Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581262.001

ISBN: 9781513581262

Keywords: Financial development, Financial structure, credit growth, financial system, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Exploiting a granular panel dataset that breaks down capital inflows into FDI, portfolio and other categories, and distinguishes between credit to the household sector and to the corporate sector, we investigate th...

Capital Market Integration in the Pacific Basin Region
			: An Analysis of Real Interest Rate Linkages

Capital Market Integration in the Pacific Basin Region : An Analysis of Real Interest Rate Linkages »

Volume/Issue: 1995/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kate Phylaktis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855432.001

ISBN: 9781451855432

Keywords: capital market, real interest rate, real interest rates, capital market integration, capital flows

This paper investigates the extent to which financial markets in the Pacific Basin Region have become more integrated, by analyzing the comovements of real interest rates. The paper uses cointegration and error cor...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455262373.001

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...