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People's Republic of China
			: Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues.

People's Republic of China : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues. »

Volume/Issue: 2011/193

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463930592.002

ISBN: 9781463930592

Keywords: commodity prices, cost of capital, supply chain, capital controls, real appreciation, world economy, commodity exporters, global trade, domestic demand, global capital flows

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Business Cycles in Emerging Markets
			: The Role of Durable Goods and Financial Frictions

Business Cycles in Emerging Markets : The Role of Durable Goods and Financial Frictions »

Volume/Issue: 2011/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259380.001

ISBN: 9781455259380

Keywords: real business cycles, durables, financial frictions, business cycles, total consumption, interest rates, business cycle, elasticity of substitution, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper examines how durable goods and financial frictions shape the business cycle of a small open economy subject to shocks to trend and transitory shocks. In the data, nondurable consumption is not as volatil...

Information Rigidity in Growth Forecasts
			: Some Cross-Country Evidence

Information Rigidity in Growth Forecasts : Some Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2011/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Prakash Loungani , and Herman Stekler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455263424.001

ISBN: 9781455263424

Keywords: Information rigidity, forecasts, crises, banking crises, recession, impulse responses, number of observations, forecast errors, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Prices

We document information rigidity in forecasts for real GDP growth in 46 countries over the past two decades. We investigate: (i) if rigidities are lower around turning points in the economy, such as in times of rec...

Protectionist Responses to the Crisis
			: Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade

Protectionist Responses to the Crisis : Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2011/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brad McDonald , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265442.001

ISBN: 9781455265442

Keywords: Global Crisis, First-differenced Gravity Equation, Time-varying Fixed Effects, WTO, trade impact, import restrictions, trade flows, global trade, world trade, Trade: General

This paper investigates how trade flows are being affected by new discriminatory measures implemented during the global financial crisis. We match data on behind-the-border measures (e.g., bailouts and subsidies) a...

The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply
			: Evidence From Brazil

The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply : Evidence From Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2011/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Moura , Caio Piza , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259366.001

ISBN: 9781455259366

Keywords: land-titling, quantile regression, propensity score, land title, property rights, child labor, labor market, urban poor, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, Time Allocation and Labor Supply

This paper studies the effects of property-titling on labor supply. The role of legal ownership security is isolated by comparing the effect that being part of, or excluded from, a land title program in a unique qu...

Global Monitoring Report, 2011
			: Improving the Odds of Achieving the MDGs

Global Monitoring Report, 2011 : Improving the Odds of Achieving the MDGs »

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780821387009.019

ISBN: 9780821387009

Keywords: primary education, maternal mortality, indigenous peoples, gender parity, impact evaluations

With less than five years left to achieve the MDGs, this year's report looks at the prospects and challenges for reaching the goals. It also examines the great diversity of performance across indicators, countries,...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455262373.001

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth
			: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth : Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926564.006

ISBN: 9781463926564

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Income distribution, Poverty reduction, sustainable growth, per capita income, external debt, external shocks

This note raises the IMF’s profile on a number of issues related to inequality, unemployment, governance, etc. It builds on earlier empirical work that examined correlations between growth downbreaks/duratio...

Managing Abundance to Avoid a Bust in Latin America

Managing Abundance to Avoid a Bust in Latin America »

Volume/Issue: 2011/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Martin Kaufman , Steven Phillips , Rodrigo Valdes , and Nicolas Eyzaguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926557.006

ISBN: 9781463926557

Keywords: Capital inflows, Latin America, capital controls, prudential tools, current account, capital account restrictions, current account deficits, capital account,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

External Performance in Low-Income Countries

External Performance in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350536.084

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

Assessments of exchange rate misalignments and external imbalances for low-income countries are challenging because methodologies developed for advanced and emerging economies cannot be automatically applied to poo...