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  • Type: Books and Journals x
  • IMF Working Papers x
Russia and the WTO
			: The "Gravity" of Outsider Status

Russia and the WTO : The "Gravity" of Outsider Status »

Volume/Issue: 2004/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yaroslav Lissovolik , and Bogdan Lissovolik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857702.001

ISBN: 9781451857702

Keywords: WTO, gravity model, Russia, dummy variable, trade restrictions, trading partners, statistics, import duties, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Environment,

With China's accession to the WTO in 2001, Russia is by far that organization's most prominent nonmember. This paper applies the gravity model to gauge whether this "outsider" status has been affecting Russia's exp...

Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs

Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs »

Volume/Issue: 2004/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Sole

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850789.001

ISBN: 9781451850789

Keywords: bond, central bank, bonds, domestic currency, interest rate policy, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper studies a policy often used to defend a currency peg: raising short-term interest rates. The rationale for this policy is to stem demand for foreign reserves. Yet, this mechanism is absent from most mone...

The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings

The Link Between Adherence to International Standards of Good Practice, Foreign Exchange Spreads, and Ratings »

Volume/Issue: 2003/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Tiffin , Christian Mulder , and Charalambos Christofides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849615.001

ISBN: 9781451849615

Keywords: foreign exchange spreads, standards, correlation, regulation, international standards, equation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper examines the relationship between adherence to international standards of good practice in policy-making and two key indicators of access to capital markets and the cost of this access: spreads and sover...

Moral Hazard and International Crisis Lending
			: A Test

Moral Hazard and International Crisis Lending : A Test »

Volume/Issue: 2002/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Jeronimo Zettelmeyer , and Isabel Schnabel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859201.001

ISBN: 9781451859201

Keywords: international lending, bond, crisis lending, bond spreads, bonds, International Lending and Debt Problems, Econometric Methods: - Single Equation Models,

We test for the existence of a moral hazard effect attributable to official crisis lending by analyzing the evolution of sovereign bond spreads in emerging markets before and after the Russian crisis. The nonbailou...

Stock Market Liberalizations
			: Financial and Macroeconomic Implications

Stock Market Liberalizations : Financial and Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2001/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , and Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859812.001

ISBN: 9781451859812

Keywords: financial liberalization, regulation, stock market, stock market liberalization, credit rating, stock market liberalizations, General Financial Markets,

Using a panel of 27 countries, we analyze the effects of stock market liberalization on financial and macroeconomic development. We find that liberalization is associated with a short-term increase in real private...

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union »

Volume/Issue: 2000/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hershel Grossman , and Dmitry Gershenson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874341.001

ISBN: 9781451874341

Keywords: Cooption, Repression, Soviet Union, Communist Party, Nomenklatura, party membership, united nations, political repression, political power

The Soviet ruling elite, the nomenklatura, used both cooption and political repression to encourage loyalty to the communist regime. Loyalty was critical both in defusing internal opposition to the rule of the nome...

Coordination of Monetary and Fiscal Policies

Coordination of Monetary and Fiscal Policies »

Volume/Issue: 1998/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844238.001

ISBN: 9781451844238

Keywords: Coordination, central bank, debt management, public debt, public debt management

Recently, monetary authorities have increasingly focused on implementing policies to ensure price stability and strengthen central bank independence. Simultaneously, in the fiscal area, market development has allow...

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development »

Volume/Issue: 1998/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin McGuire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451979381.001

ISBN: 9781451979381

Keywords: Security, Economic Conflict, Wealth Distribution, Governance, Institutions of Development, military, taxation, army, military dictatorship, tax collection

A country’s judiciary, police, and security forces are essential to protect the State from external aggression. By virtue of the State’s monopoly of coercion, they maintain a stable legal framework an...

Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle

Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle »

Volume/Issue: 1998/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Wacziarg , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841732.001

ISBN: 9781451841732

Keywords: Financial integration, emerging markets, correlation, capital mobility, foreign capital, capital inflows, capital markets

The previous literature points to a high correlation between domestic rates of investment and savings among OECD countries. Some take this as evidence of limited financial integration in the industrialized world. T...

IMF Estimates of Potential Output
			: Theory and Practice

IMF Estimates of Potential Output : Theory and Practice »

Volume/Issue: 1997/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paula De Masi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974980.001

ISBN: 9781451974980

Keywords: potential output, output gap, total factor productivity, industrial countries, growth rates, real gdp, growth rate

The concepts of potential output and the output gap are central to the IMF’s analytical work in providing policy recommendations to member governments. This key role has stimulated research at the IMF to dev...