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IMF Estimates of Potential Output
			: Theory and Practice

IMF Estimates of Potential Output : Theory and Practice »

Volume/Issue: 1997/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paula De Masi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974980.001

ISBN: 9781451974980

Keywords: potential output, output gap, total factor productivity, industrial countries, growth rates, real gdp, growth rate

The concepts of potential output and the output gap are central to the IMF’s analytical work in providing policy recommendations to member governments. This key role has stimulated research at the IMF to dev...

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922882.001

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...

Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth

Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1996/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845921.001

ISBN: 9781451845921

Keywords: Social Safety Nets, Public Welfare, Economic Growth, Transfers, Productive Public Spending, criminal behavior, amount of crime, social security

This paper analyses the role of social safety nets in the form of redistributional transfers and wage subsidies. It is argued that public welfare programs can be viewed as a crime-preventing or disruption-preventin...

Should the IMF Become More Adaptive?

Should the IMF Become More Adaptive? »

Volume/Issue: 1996/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Clark

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843491.001

ISBN: 9781451843491

Keywords: monetary fund, world economy, inflation, multilateral institutions, political economy

This paper addresses the question: Should the International Monetary Fund be making an even greater effort to adapt its objectives, priorities, rules, instruments, procedures, and resources to take account of chang...

The Mexican Financial Crisis
			: A Test of the Resilience of the Markets for Developing Country Securities

The Mexican Financial Crisis : A Test of the Resilience of the Markets for Developing Country Securities »

Volume/Issue: 1995/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shogo Ishii , and David Andrew

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855326.001

ISBN: 9781451855326

Keywords: bond issues, bond, bonds, international bond issues, international bond

This paper reviews developments in private capital flows to developing countries since the Mexican financial crisis in December 1994. The paper points out that a strong recovery in these flows masks some significan...

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes »

Volume/Issue: 1995/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nancy Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843613.001

ISBN: 9781451843613

Keywords: purchasing power parity, civil service

International comparison of economic aggregates, expressed in domestic currencies, requires their conversion into a common numeraire currency such as the U.S. dollar or the SDR. Since market (or official) exchange...

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1994/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852202.001

ISBN: 9781451852202

Keywords: civil servants, public choice, free press, public interest

Paper discusses the factors that contribute to the spread of corruption as well as the implications of corruption for markets and for public sector activities. It is argued that corruption can be contained mainly b...

The Economic Reform Process in Russia

The Economic Reform Process in Russia »

Volume/Issue: 1993/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Henri Lorie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847574.001

ISBN: 9781451847574

Keywords: price liberalization, privatization, enterprise reform, balance of payments, enterprise sector

Although various factors point to a more arduous and longer transition in Russia than in Eastern Europe, the broad policy approach should be similar. A necessary condition for effective macroeconomic stabilization...

Establishing Incentive Structures and Planning Agencies That Support Market-Oriented Transformations

Establishing Incentive Structures and Planning Agencies That Support Market-Oriented Transformations »

Volume/Issue: 1991/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Isard , and Michael Dooley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853643.001

ISBN: 9781451853643

Keywords: capital inflows, foreign exchange, capital outflows, capital market, clearinghouse

This note addresses various types of incentives that must be established before a market economy can function effectively. It also argues that the enormous challenge of restructuring large industrial enterprises or...

Military Expenditure
			: Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences »

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847291.001

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...