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Fiscal Policy During the Demise of Central Planning
			: The Transition to a Market Economy

Fiscal Policy During the Demise of Central Planning : The Transition to a Market Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1990/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Feltenstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451951417.001

ISBN: 9781451951417

Keywords: price controls, price control, tax rates, tax rate

This paper constructs an intertemporal general equilibrium model designed to examine an economy in transition from central planning to being market oriented. A numerical algorithm is developed to obtain a solution...

Market-Oriented Reform of Foreign Trade in Planned Economies

Market-Oriented Reform of Foreign Trade in Planned Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1990/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981131.001

ISBN: 9781451981131

Keywords: foreign trade, exchange rate, foreign exchange, domestic prices, exchange rate system

This paper reviews the main features of market-oriented foreign trade reforms in planned economies. It considers reform initiatives aimed at expanding enterprise autonomy and breaking up the state monopoly of forei...

Macroeconomic Adjustment and Reform in Planned Economies

Macroeconomic Adjustment and Reform in Planned Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1990/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981568.001

ISBN: 9781451981568

Keywords: excess demand, foreign trade, macroeconomic stabilization, domestic prices, credit policy

This paper examines the relationship between macroeconomic stabilization and market-oriented reform in planned economies. It emphasizes that market-oriented reform should enhance the likelihood that adjustment to e...

Externalities. Incentives, and Economic Reforms

Externalities. Incentives, and Economic Reforms »

Volume/Issue: 1990/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451926477.001

ISBN: 9781451926477

Keywords: external resources, tax revenue, budget constraints, public budget, tax system

The paper emphasizes the role of institutions and incentives in the presence of externalities. An economy with multiple public decision makers is likely to experience “overspending,” “undertaxi...

Toward Defining and Measuring the Fiscal Impact of Public Enterprises

Toward Defining and Measuring the Fiscal Impact of Public Enterprises »

Volume/Issue: 1989/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451957006.001

ISBN: 9781451957006

Keywords: public enterprises, public enterprise, private enterprises, public enterprise sector, enterprise sector

In many countries, the activities of public enterprises have an important fiscal impact. While the precise nature of this impact is often obscured, it is important that it be reflected in measures of overall fiscal...