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Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity
			: Crossing the Tipping Point

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point »

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558142.001

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia's Manufacturing Sector
			: Exchange Rate or Structural?

Determinants of Firm Profitability in Colombia's Manufacturing Sector : Exchange Rate or Structural? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Naomi Griffin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484364222.001

ISBN: 9781484364222

Keywords: Real exchange rate, structural changes, exchange rate, imports, demand, real effective exchange rate, Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope, General,

The appreciation of the real exchange rate over the past several years is considered one of the key drivers behind the weak performance of Colombia's manufacturing sector in recent years. This paper examines the ef...

Finance & Development, December 2014

Finance & Development, December 2014 »

Volume/Issue: 51/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315422.022

ISBN: 9781484315422

Keywords: Finance and Development, health, public health, public health spending, health care, primary health care

This chapter emphasizes the importance of health policy and its implementation and connection to economic growth. The chapter also offers a different view of progress in the provision of better health facilities. T...

Business Cycles in Emerging Markets
			: The Role of Durable Goods and Financial Frictions

Business Cycles in Emerging Markets : The Role of Durable Goods and Financial Frictions »

Volume/Issue: 2011/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259380.001

ISBN: 9781455259380

Keywords: real business cycles, durables, financial frictions, business cycles, total consumption, interest rates, business cycle, elasticity of substitution, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper examines how durable goods and financial frictions shape the business cycle of a small open economy subject to shocks to trend and transitory shocks. In the data, nondurable consumption is not as volatil...

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth
			: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth : Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926564.006

ISBN: 9781463926564

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Income distribution, Poverty reduction, sustainable growth, per capita income, external debt, external shocks

This note raises the IMF’s profile on a number of issues related to inequality, unemployment, governance, etc. It builds on earlier empirical work that examined correlations between growth downbreaks/duratio...

Managing Abundance to Avoid a Bust in Latin America

Managing Abundance to Avoid a Bust in Latin America »

Volume/Issue: 2011/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Martin Kaufman , Steven Phillips , Rodrigo Valdes , and Nicolas Eyzaguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926557.006

ISBN: 9781463926557

Keywords: Capital inflows, Latin America, capital controls, prudential tools, current account, capital account restrictions, current account deficits, capital account,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

International Capital Flows and Development
			: Financial Openness Matters

International Capital Flows and Development : Financial Openness Matters »

Volume/Issue: 2010/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Ricci , Thierry Tressel , and Dennis B. S. Reinhardt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209354.001

ISBN: 9781455209354

Keywords: Lucas paradox, financial openness, capital inflows, capital account openness, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

Does capital flow from rich to poor countries? We revisit the Lucas paradox and explore the role of capital account restrictions in shaping capital flows at various stages of economic development. We find that, whe...

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2009/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872811.001

ISBN: 9781451872811

Keywords: Balance of payments anti-crises, inflation dynamics, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation targeting,

Several emerging economies have, until recently, experienced large government surpluses and accelerating foreign exchange reserve accumulation. This has been accompanied by economic booms, exchange rate appreciatio...

Trade, Growth, and Poverty
			: A Selective Survey

Trade, Growth, and Poverty : A Selective Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2003/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , and Anne Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844931.001

ISBN: 9781451844931

Keywords: growth, trade protection, openness, trade liberalization, tariff rates, trade openness, average tariff, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This survey of the recent literature asks: how important is trade policy for poverty reduction? We consider the effects of openness on poverty in two components: the effect of openness on average income growth, and...

Poverty Alleviation in a Financial Programming Framework
			: An Integrated Approach

Poverty Alleviation in a Financial Programming Framework : An Integrated Approach »

Volume/Issue: 1995/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844740.001

ISBN: 9781451844740

Keywords: poverty line, financial programming, balance of payments, financial programming model, poverty alleviation

Poverty alleviation is typically addressed in financial programming through additive programs that target vulnerable groups but without modifying the underlying stabilization and adjustment targets. Instead, this p...