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Shifting Motives
			: Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's »

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933197.001

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa
			: Benchmarking the Constraints

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints »

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866162.001

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth

Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2005/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Paola Giuliano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862539.001

ISBN: 9781451862539

Keywords: financial development, growth, system GMM, impact of remittances, migration, remittance, statistics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

There has been little systematic empirical study on the relationship between remittances and growth. This paper attempts to examine this relationship. Using a newly constructed crosscountry of data series for remit...

Sectorial Macroeconomic Interdependencies
			: Evidence for Latin America, East Asia and Europe

Sectorial Macroeconomic Interdependencies : Evidence for Latin America, East Asia and Europe »

Volume/Issue: 1999/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norman Loayza , J. Lopez , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842760.001

ISBN: 9781451842760

Keywords: International Comovements, Currency Areas, Error Components Models, common, output growth, andean pact, trade integration, regional trade

This paper analyzes common economic patterns across countries and economic sectors in Latin America, East Asia and Europe for the period 1970–94 by means of an error-components model that decomposes real val...