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5 China1

5 China1 »

Source: Making Fiscal Decentralization Work : Cross-Country Experiences

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069855

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Intergovernmental fiscal relations, decentralization, fiscal decentralization, subnational governments, intergovernmental fiscal, fiscal relations

Fiscal decentralization since the early 1980s has supported economic growth and the process of transition to a market economy in China. However, China’s impressive performance has n...

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries »

Source: ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982107

Keywords: ICT, technology, equipment investment, technological progress, trade data, technological advances, information technology, net exports, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One

While production of ICT equipment plays a subordinate role for economic growth in most of these countries, they do benefit from capital deepening arising from falling prices of ICT equipment. Adapting established g...

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform
			: The Experience of Europe and Central Asia

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform : The Experience of Europe and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2010/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adam Leive

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982183.001

ISBN: 9781451982183

Keywords: Health care reform, public health expenditure, primary care, health systems, health insurance, public health, fee-for-service, National Government Expenditures and Health, Health: General,

Economic Transition and Health Care Reform: The Experience of Europe and Central Asia...

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982107.001

ISBN: 9781451982107

Keywords: ICT, technology, equipment investment, technological progress, trade data, technological advances, information technology, net exports, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One

While production of ICT equipment plays a subordinate role for economic growth in most of these countries, they do benefit from capital deepening arising from falling prices of ICT equipment. Adapting established g...

Russia and the WTO
			: The "Gravity" of Outsider Status

Russia and the WTO : The "Gravity" of Outsider Status »

Volume/Issue: 2004/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yaroslav Lissovolik , and Bogdan Lissovolik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857702.001

ISBN: 9781451857702

Keywords: WTO, gravity model, Russia, dummy variable, trade restrictions, trading partners, statistics, import duties, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Environment,

With China's accession to the WTO in 2001, Russia is by far that organization's most prominent nonmember. This paper applies the gravity model to gauge whether this "outsider" status has been affecting Russia's exp...

Russia and the WTO

Russia and the WTO »

Source: Russia and the WTO : The "Gravity" of Outsider Status

Volume/Issue: 2004/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yaroslav Lissovolik , and Bogdan Lissovolik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857702

Keywords: WTO, gravity model, Russia, dummy variable, trade restrictions, trading partners, statistics, import duties, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Environment,

With China's accession to the WTO in 2001, Russia is by far that organization's most prominent nonmember. This paper applies the gravity model to gauge whether this "outsider" status has been affecting Russia's exp...

10 Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustment on the Poor: The Case of Malawi

10 Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustment on the Poor: The Case of Malawi »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

This case study of Malawi illustrates a practical approach for assessing the impact of structural adjustment policies on poverty. Malawi initiated a structural adjustment program in 1987, which, since mid-19...

6 Bangladesh: Economic Reform Measures and the Poor

6 Bangladesh: Economic Reform Measures and the Poor »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

With a per capita income of about $200 in 1991, Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. More than half of its population—50 million people—live in poverty. The most vulnerable groups include...

8 Colombia: Economic Adjustment and the Poor

8 Colombia: Economic Adjustment and the Poor »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

In the mid-1980s, faced with a rapidly deteriorating economic and financial picture, Colombia undertook a strong adjustment program. By putting the economy on a sounder footing, the government felt that the...

4 Economic Reforms, Social Safety Nets, and the Budget in Transition Economies

4 Economic Reforms, Social Safety Nets, and the Budget in Transition Economies »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

The economic transformation of former centrally planned economies has been accompanied by large declines in output, significant changes in relative prices, and, at least initially, rapid increases in inflati...