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The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498303606.001

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 57, No. 2

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 57, No. 2 »

Volume: 57

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069121.024

ISBN: 9781589069121

Keywords: financial liberalization, financial sector, reserve requirements, interest rate controls, financial reforms

This paper introduces a new database of financial reforms covering 91 economies over 1973-2005. It describes the content of the database, the information sources utilized, and the coding rules used to create an ind...

International Monetary Fund Handbook
			: Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066250.069

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

This paper describes the functions, policies, and operations of the IMF. The IMF is an independent international organization, and is a cooperative of 185 member countries, whose objective is to promote world econo...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861181.001

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy
			: Experiences and Guidelines

Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy : Experiences and Guidelines »

Volume/Issue: 1997/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katherine Baer , and Carlos Silvani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451980394.001

ISBN: 9781451980394

Keywords: tax administration, tax system, tax administration reform, tax collection, tax administrations

Building on previous FAD work in the tax administration field, this paper defines broad criteria for diagnosing the problems in a country’s tax administration and formulating an appropriate reform strategy....