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The Evolution of Public Debt Vulnerabilities In Lower Income Economies

The Evolution of Public Debt Vulnerabilities In Lower Income Economies »

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513529110.007

ISBN: 9781513529110

Keywords: Access to international capital markets, Sovereign debt, Economic growth, Debt burden, Debt markets, PP, debt level, WEO, SOEs, HIPC

Public debt in lower-income economies (LIEs) has risen in recent years, with half of the countries covered in this report now assessed to be at high risk of or already in debt distress....

Liquidity Choice and Misallocation of Credit

Liquidity Choice and Misallocation of Credit »

Volume/Issue: 2019/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehsan Ebrahimy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513521480.001

ISBN: 9781513521480

Keywords: Real sector, Negative interest rates, Positive interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, WP, financial development, competitive equilibrium, liquid equilibrium, Tirole

This paper studies a novel type of misallocation of credit between investments of varying liquidity. One type of investment is more liquid, i.e., its return is more pledgeable, and the other is more productive. Low...

Is Digitalization Driving Domestic Inflation?

Is Digitalization Driving Domestic Inflation? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Balazs Csonto , Yuxuan Huang , and Camilo Tovar Mora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519944.001

ISBN: 9781513519944

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Nominal effective exchange rate, Price indexes, Purchasing power parity, Commodity price indexes, Inflation, Digitalization, IP Address, Internet., WP

This paper examines the extent to which digitalization-measured by a new proxy based on IP addresses allocations per country-has influenced inflation dynamics in a sample of 36 advanced and emerging economies over...

China's Productivity Convergence and Growth Potential-A Stocktaking and Sectoral Approach

China's Productivity Convergence and Growth Potential-A Stocktaking and Sectoral Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2019/263

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Min Zhu , Longmei Zhang , and Daoju Peng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515359.001

ISBN: 9781513515359

Keywords: Economic theory, Economic reforms, Economic growth, Real sector, Financial crises, Potential Growth, China, Convergence, WP, productivity growth

China's growth potential has become a hotly debated topic as the economy has reached an income level susceptible to the 'middle-income trap' and financial vulnerabilities are mounting after years of rapid credit ex...

Assessing Macro-Financial Risks of Household Debt in China

Assessing Macro-Financial Risks of Household Debt in China »

Volume/Issue: 2019/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fei Han , Emilia Jurzyk , Wei Guo , Yun He , and Nadia Rendak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516073.001

ISBN: 9781513516073

Keywords: Financial crises, Fiscal sector, Real sector, Demographic indicators, National accounts, Household indebtedness, macro-financial risks, houshold survey, WP, consumption growth

High household indebtedness could constrain future consumption growth and increase financial stability risks. This paper uses household survey data to analyze both macroeconomic and finanical stability risks from t...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature

Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature »

Volume/Issue: 2019/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Signe Krogstrup , and William Oman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511955.001

ISBN: 9781513511955

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Financial crises, Central banking and monetary issues, Economic conditions, Financial management, climate change, fiscal policy, monetary policy, financial policy, policy framework

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of this century. Mitigation requires a large-scale transition to a low-carbon economy. This paper provides an overview of the rapidly growing literature on the role...

People's Republic of China
			: Selected Issues

People's Republic of China : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511252.002

ISBN: 9781513511252

Keywords: Financial crises, Balance of trade, Fiscal sector, Bilateral trade, Credit, trade balance, SOEs, consumption growth, implicit guarantee, household debt

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the drivers, implications and outlook for China's shrinking current account surplus. Although cyclical factors helped in 2018, the trend decline has been largely structural, dr...

People's Republic of China
			: Selected Issues

People's Republic of China : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511306.002

ISBN: 9781513511306

Selected Issues...

People's Republic of China
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for China

People's Republic of China : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for China »

Volume/Issue: 2019/266

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510460.002

ISBN: 9781513510460

Keywords: Economic indicators, Financial statistics, Financial institutions, Fiscal policy, Gross domestic product, trade tension, percent of GDP, PBC, SOEs, off-budget

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with People's Republic of China highlights that after the slowdown in 2018, reflecting financial regulatory strengthening and softening external demand, growth stabilized in early...