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Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Recovery Amid Elevated Uncertainty

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018.

Fiscal Monitor, April 2019

Curbing Corruption

The April 2019 edition of Fiscal Monitor is focused on two broad themes: fiscal policy in a fast-changing global economy and curbing corruption.

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime »

Volume/Issue: 2019/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302029.001

ISBN: 9781498302029

Keywords: Exchange markets, Real effective exchange rates, Central banks, Exchange rate policy, Nominal effective exchange rate, reminbi, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, liquidity, RMB

China's exchange rate regime has undergone gradual reform since the move away from a fixed exchange rate in 2005. The renminbi has become more flexible over time but is still carefully managed, and depth and liquid...

Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks

Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chiara Broccolini , Giulia Lotti , Alessandro Maffioli , Andrea Presbitero , and Rodolfo Stucchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393864.001

ISBN: 9781484393864

Keywords: Official development assistance, International bond markets, Sovereign credit ratings, International financial markets, Poverty reduction and development, Multilateral Development Banks;Private Capital Flows;Mobilization Effects;Catalytic Finance;Syndicated loans;syndicated loan;MDB;outcome variable;mobilization;bond issuance

We use loan-level data on syndicated lending to a large sample of developing countries between 1993 and 2017 to estimate the mobilization effects of multilateral development banks (MDBs), controlling for a large se...

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern?

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , Stefania Fabrizio , and Kodjovi Eklou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484387771.001

ISBN: 9781484387771

Keywords: Oil prices, Demand elasticity, Gasoline prices, Cost of living, Energy prices, Retail fuel prices;Fuel Subsidies;Export growth;Developing countries.;fuel price increase;non-fuel;fuel price;price shock;energy price

This paper investigates the impact of domestic fuel price increases on export growth in a sample of 77 developing countries over the period 2000-2014. Using a fixed-effect estimator and the local projection approac...

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks

China's Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , and Sally Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389706.001

ISBN: 9781484389706

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Digital economy; Fintech; Productivity; Employment; Financial stability, Digital economy, Fintech, Productivity, Employment, Financial stability, Government Policy and Regulation, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, General

China's digital economy has expanded rapidly in recent years. While average digitalization of the economy remains lower than in advanced economies, digitalization is already high in certain regions and sectors, in...

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2018/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , Ray Brooks , Ding Ding , Haiyan Ding , Hui He , Jing Lu , and Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388778.001

ISBN: 9781484388778

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, China; Savings; Demographic Changes; Social Safety Net; Inequality; Housing; Projections, China, Savings, Demographic Changes, Social Safety Net, Inequality; Housing, Projections,

China's high national savings rate-one of the highest in the world-is at the heart of its external/internal imbalances. High savings finance elevated investment when held domestically, or lead to large external imb...

Transport Infrastructure, City Productivity Growth and Sectoral Reallocation: Evidence from China

Transport Infrastructure, City Productivity Growth and Sectoral Reallocation: Evidence from China »

Volume/Issue: 2018/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yang Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389584.001

ISBN: 9781484389584

Keywords: Transport infrastructure, trade, highway, productivity, China, Incidence

This paper examines the impact of highway expansion on aggregate productivity growth and sectoral reallocation between cities in China. To do so, I construct a unique dataset of bilateral transportation costs betwe...

The Long-Run Trend of Residential Investment in China

The Long-Run Trend of Residential Investment in China »

Volume/Issue: 2018/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , and Weicheng Lian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385371.001

ISBN: 9781484385371

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, Central banks and their policies, China housing market, residential investment, rebalancing, Bayesian Analysis, Time-Series Models, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

In this paper we analyze the fundamental drivers of China's residential investment as a share of its GDP. Our analysis indicates that the economic structural changes that led to rebalancing toward consumption were...

China's Monetary Policy Communication: Frameworks, Impact, and Recommendations

China's Monetary Policy Communication: Frameworks, Impact, and Recommendations »

Volume/Issue: 2018/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael McMahon , Alfred Schipke , and Xiang Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385647.001

ISBN: 9781484385647

Keywords: Financial markets, Central banks and their policies, Asia and Pacific, Monetary policy, People’;s Bank of China, Communication, Central Bank, Monetary Policy Transmission, People&;amp;#x2019;s Bank of China, Monetary Policy (Targets

Financial markets are eager for any signal of monetary policy from the People's Bank of China (PBC). The importance of effective monetary policy communication will only increase as China continues to liberalize its...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Asia Pacific
			: Asia at the Forefront: Growth Challenges for the Next Decade and Beyond

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Asia Pacific : Asia at the Forefront: Growth Challenges for the Next Decade and Beyond »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375419.086

ISBN: 9781484375419

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, economic growth, Asia and Pacific, trade tariffs, digital revolution

Growth in the first half of 2018 was softer than in 2017, especially in advanced economies. In contrast, growth remained robust in emerging market economies and broadly in line with expectations. After rising to 6....

The Future of Asian Finance

The Future of Asian Finance »

Series: Books

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Cheng Lim , Chikahisa Sumi , James Walsh , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: China Financial Publishing House (CFPH)

Publication Date: 04 October 2018

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504991973.071

ISBN: 9787504991973

Keywords: bond, markets, investment, market, financial crisis

Asia's financial systems proved resilient to the shocks from the global financial crisis, and growth since then has been strong. But new challenges have emerged in the region's economies, including demographics and...