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Liquidity Choice and Misallocation of Credit

Liquidity Choice and Misallocation of Credit »

Volume/Issue: 2019/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehsan Ebrahimy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513521480.001

ISBN: 9781513521480

Keywords: Real sector, Negative interest rates, Positive interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, WP, financial development, competitive equilibrium, liquid equilibrium, Tirole

This paper studies a novel type of misallocation of credit between investments of varying liquidity. One type of investment is more liquid, i.e., its return is more pledgeable, and the other is more productive. Low...

Assessing Macro-Financial Risks of Household Debt in China

Assessing Macro-Financial Risks of Household Debt in China »

Volume/Issue: 2019/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fei Han , Emilia Jurzyk , Wei Guo , Yun He , and Nadia Rendak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516073.001

ISBN: 9781513516073

Keywords: Financial crises, Fiscal sector, Real sector, Demographic indicators, National accounts, Household indebtedness, macro-financial risks, houshold survey, WP, consumption growth

High household indebtedness could constrain future consumption growth and increase financial stability risks. This paper uses household survey data to analyze both macroeconomic and finanical stability risks from t...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Facing the Tides
			: Managing Capital Flows in Asia

Facing the Tides : Managing Capital Flows in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Pablo Lopez Murphy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513512334.087

ISBN: 9781513512334

Keywords: Exchange rate policy, Real effective exchange rates, Balance of payments, Exchange markets, Balance of payments statistics, DPPP, capital flow, capital inflow, output gap, inflow

This paper looks empirically at some economic effects of volatile exchange rates and financial conditions and examines policy responses for managing such volatility. It also sheds light on some economic costs that...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Asia Pacific

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Asia Pacific »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513513966.086

ISBN: 9781513513966

Keywords: Economic integration, Balance of payments, Regional economics, Economic policy, Economic reforms, REO, global growth, capital flow, distortionary, trade tension

Growth in Asia is expected to moderate to 5.0 percent in 2019 and 5.1 percent in 2020 (0.4 and 0.3 percentage point lower than projected last April, respectively). A marked deceleration in merchandise trade and inv...

SME Financial Inclusion for Sustained Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

SME Financial Inclusion for Sustained Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mishel Ghassibe , Maximiliano Appendino , and Samir Elsadek Mahmoudi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513509112.001

ISBN: 9781513509112

Keywords: Financial crises, Real sector, Financial inclusion, Labor productivity, Economic growth, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, Economic Grow, WP, central Asia region, SMEs

This paper offers empirical evidence that greater financial inclusion of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) can promote higher economic growth and employment, especially in the Middle East and Central Asia regions...

Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature

Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature »

Volume/Issue: 2019/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Signe Krogstrup , and William Oman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511955.001

ISBN: 9781513511955

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Financial crises, Central banking and monetary issues, Economic conditions, Financial management, climate change, fiscal policy, monetary policy, financial policy, policy framework

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of this century. Mitigation requires a large-scale transition to a low-carbon economy. This paper provides an overview of the rapidly growing literature on the role...

People's Republic of China
			: Selected Issues

People's Republic of China : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511252.002

ISBN: 9781513511252

Keywords: Financial crises, Balance of trade, Fiscal sector, Bilateral trade, Credit, trade balance, SOEs, consumption growth, implicit guarantee, household debt

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the drivers, implications and outlook for China's shrinking current account surplus. Although cyclical factors helped in 2018, the trend decline has been largely structural, dr...

People's Republic of China
			: Selected Issues

People's Republic of China : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511306.002

ISBN: 9781513511306

Selected Issues...

People's Republic of China
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for China

People's Republic of China : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for China »

Volume/Issue: 2019/266

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510460.002

ISBN: 9781513510460

Keywords: Economic indicators, Financial statistics, Financial institutions, Fiscal policy, Gross domestic product, trade tension, percent of GDP, PBC, SOEs, off-budget

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with People's Republic of China highlights that after the slowdown in 2018, reflecting financial regulatory strengthening and softening external demand, growth stabilized in early...